08 November 2018

Legal News 5-6 November 2018

CNRT not to let President Lu-Olo to go overseas Radio Televizaun Timor-Leste, November 5, 2018 Language source: Tetun President of the National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction (CNRT) Bench at the National Parliament Duarte Nunes said that they won’t let President of Republic Francisco Guterres “Lu-Olo” to have official visit to other countries including going to Vatican if the president was persistent not to resolve current political deadlock. He stressed that if no solution found for overcoming the political deadlock in the country, then CNRT would maintain their position not to vote in favour for the official visit of the president to another country.

“AMP has its commitment that if the president does not induct the nine ministers, we won’t let him out. This is our commitment and there is no influence.” “Having visit to Vatican is important therefore the president can go as individual as it is his right to go…,” Nunes said.

He said that they are ready to vote in favour for approving President Lu-Olo’s official visit to Vatican if he inaugurates nine ministers in order for them to carry out their work to support well functioning of the VIII Constitutional government.

PN does not authorize President Lu-Olo to visit Vatican Independente, November 6, 2018 Language source: Tetun National Parliament (PN) has cancelled President of the Republic Francisco Guterres Lu-Olo’s planned visit to Vatican at the end of this month, saying domestic issues needed prioritisation over international affairs.

The visit’s rejection, which received 35 votes to 26 on Monday, followed parliament outlawing the President’s attendance at Bali Democracy Forum in Indonesia, the UN General Assembly in New York, and a State Visit to Portugal. Addressing parliament after the vote count, Duarter Nunes, from CNRT – one of the ruling parties, said it was a political decision, therefore, it could be changed if President of the Republic reversed its decision on the pending nominations of the nine government’s members.

“There is a chance that PN might authorise President’s visit to Vatican within days before his departure at the end of this month if there is a change of political decision from President of the Republic himself regarding the pending nominations of nine government members,” Nunes said. On the other hand, David Dias Ximenes, from the opposition party Fretilin, who had supported the trip, described the cancelation as disrespecting Timorese people who were mostly catholic and damaging bilateral relation of Timor-Leste and foreign country.

“Our internal problem needs to be resolved internally; there is no need to impede President of the Republic’s visit to Vatican that represents the state and its people,” Ximenes said.

Since June 22, President Lu-Olo has been firm not to inaugurate nine nominations of government officials because of their involvement in corruption investigations. The position which retaliated by ruling parties in parliament by denying his foreign visit plans four times in a row.

The gridlock over the blocked nominations is seven people from the National Congress of the Timorese Reconstruction (CNRT): Francisco Kalbuadi Lay, Helder Lopes,Tomás do Rosário Cabral, Vergilho Smith, Jacinto Rigoberto Gomes de Deus, Sérgio Gama da C. Lobo,

Parliamentarians concern about the security situation Radio Televizaun Timor-Leste, November 5, 2018 Language source: Tetun Parliamentarian David Dias Ximenes from Fretilin said that he was concerning about the security situation in the country as there were some incidents happened had left some people dead. Member of the Parliamentary Committee B for Defence and Security, Ximenes said that the emergence of the incident in some districts was the result of the lack of preventive operation from the Timorese National Police (PNTL).

He suggested to the PNTL’s Commando to reactivate or deploy its members in every places to prevent and respond to an unwanted case that might happen in the future. “There is no prevention operation. We don’t have it. You the journalist can do observation at night to see how many police officers doing patrol at night? …” Ximenes said. Meanwhile former President of the National Parliament Aderito Hugo da Costa, who is a member of the Parliamentary Committee B, said that law does not permit anyone to do public perturbation.

Manufahi District Police detains two Indonesians Radio Televizaun Timor-Leste, November 5, 2018 Language source: Tetun Manufahi District Police Commander Superintendent Agostinho Gomes affirmed that they had recently detained two Indonesians, who misused their tourist visas to do business in Same, Manufahi Municipality. Superintendent Gomes affirmed that the two Indonesians were detained when they did their business in Same selling paint, yet the visa they had was tourist visas. “We detained them as they misused their tourist visas. Another reason was that one of the detainee’s mobile phone has his photo wearing Indonesian Police Uniform … and holding a pistol. But after investigation, we found that anyone can wear such uniform, especially those who likes to wear such a uniform. Therefore we decided to hand them to the Immigration Police to process their case with Immigration law,” Gomes said.

Jesuina Gomes elected as new Provedor of PDHJ GMN Diário Nacional, November 6, 2018 Language source: Tetun National Parliament (PN) has elected Jesuina Gomes as new Provedor of Timor-Leste’s Ombudsman for Human Rights and Justice (PDHJ), following the conclusion of Provedor Silveiro Pinto Baptista’s mandate on October 30, 2018. “The candidate Jesuina Maria
Gomes got 38 votes and Horacio De Almeida got 23 votes, therefore, Ms Gomes is elected as new Provedor for the next four years,” PN President Arão Noe announced after counting the votes in plenary session on Monday (05/11). “We will notify the elected Provedor to declare her income in parliament before her inauguration,” Noe added. Beforehand, Ms Gomes was Deputy Provedor for GoodGovernance Affairs in PDHJ and as Chief of PDHJ Office since 2015.

03 November 2018

Traditional Barriers Impede Women from Owning Land in Timor-Leste

Secretary of the Women’s Parliamentary Group (GMPTL), 
MP Elvina de Sousa said societies in rural areas continue to adopt customs 
that dictate women have no right to land and property.
From The Dili Weekly  Published: 17 September 2018 Written by Paulina Quintão, TDW Land Law No. 13/2017, on the ownership of land titles, ensures women and men have the same right to be title holders of land in Timor-Leste, however women in rural areas of the country are denied their right to the land because of traditional barriers.

Secretary of the Women’s Parliamentary Group (GMPTL), MP Elvina de Sousa said societies in rural areas continue to adopt customs that dictate women have no right to land and property.

The Secretary of the Women’s Parliamentary Group (GMPTL), MP Elvina de Sousa said societies in rural areas continue to adopt customs that dictate women have no right to land and property because when they get married they will live with their husbands.

She said this traditional mindset represents a challenge for the government in implementing the land law.

01 November 2018

JSMP Submission to: The President of the Court of Appeal Results of JSMP monitoring and findings



JUDICIAL SYSTEM MONITORING PROGRAMME PROGRAMA MONITORIZASAUN BA SISTEMA JUDISIÁRIU











Submission to:









The President of the Court of Appeal













Results of JSMP monitoring and findings































2018


Introduction

On 11 October 2018 JSMP had an opportunity to meet with the President of the Court of Appeal, Deolindo dos Santos, at the Court of Appeal in Kaikoli, Dili.

The aim of this meeting was to present and discuss the results of JSMP monitoring and findings with the court, as well as discussing concerns about the issue of accessibility to the Court of Appeal and relevant issues documented by JSMP over the last few years.

These issues included facts and findings that were outlined and highlighted in the 2017 Overview of the Justice Sector Report and other concerns relating to the application of provisions in accordance with the applicable legal framework. In addition, JSMP also took the opportunity to again highlight recommendations made by JSMP and raised on multiple occasions that have not yet been given consideration or a response.

This document summarises the issues that were presented and discussed during the aforementioned meeting

1.      Appropriate application of coercive measures

JSMP has observed that in some cases, especially complex and serious crimes including cases of corruption involving East Timorese with dual citizenship and/or foreigners, it has been very easy for defendants to flee the national territory during the appeal process before the Court of Appeal. For example in 2017 there was a case involving two Portuguese citizens, Tiago Guerra and Tammy Guerra (even though there much criticism and concerns about the case itself), as well as the case involving the former Minister of Finance, Emilia Pires, and including the case of the illegal oil supplies from Indonesia. Prior to these cases, there were two other serious cases involving crimes against humanity (Valentim Lavio and Domingos Maubuti) and the defendants also fled during the appeal process and have been at large since six or seven years ago.

JSMP believes that in major cases like those mentioned above, priority must be given to the application of coercive measures such as pre-trial detention rather than other coercive measures. In cases such as these we need to ensure that necessary steps are taken to confiscate relevant documents to prevent defendants from fleeing Timor-Leste during the appeal process.

When a court decides to apply other coercive measures, it must ensure that there are strict mechanisms to guarantee security and conduct monitoring to control their movements and communications.

Canberra must compensate Timor-Leste for "fraud" in the Timor Sea

IMAGE: REUTERS
WARNING! MACHINE TRANSLATION ORIGINAL TEXT HERE. Australia acted reprehensibly by spying on Timor-Leste when it was negotiating the Timor Sea treaty and for this "fraud" it must compensate the country for the oil and gas revenues it lost, an Australian senator said today.

Co-operator that Australia acted wrongly in 2004. Australian officials defrauded Timor-Leste of oil and gas, and the fraud undoes everything.We should return to a position where neither party is harmed by this fraud," he told Lusa Rex Patrick, Senator of the Center Alliance.

"It is not conceivable to look at someone with whom we shake hands and to whom we have said that we are going to negotiate in good faith," he said, "it is illegal and unthinkable to do so.

Rex Patrick speaking to Lusa in Dili, on the sidelines of an Australian parliamentary visit to East Timor - the first since 2011 - referred to the controversial case denounced by two men currently being tried in a Canberra court.

A former Australian intelligence agent, known as "Witness K" (his identity was never disclosed publicly), and his lawyer, Bernard Collaery, were charged with conspiracy by the authorities in Canberra.

30 October 2018

JSMP requests for the National Parliament to end the debate over the list of candidates for members of government that is still pending before the courts

JUDICIAL SYSTEM MONITORING PROGRAMME
 PROGRAMA MONITORIZASAUN SISTEMA JUDISIÁRIU Press Release 26 October 2018

National Parliament

Once again the National Parliament has cancelled an overseas trip by the President of the Republic:

JSMP requests for the National Parliament to end the debate over the list of candidates for members of government that is still pending before the courts

On 23 October 2018, through a plenary meeting of the National Parliament, the members of parliament once again did not give authorisation to the President of the Republic to travel overseas to the neighbouring country of Indonesia.

During the discussion and vote on a request regarding the visit of the President of the Republic, there were those in favour and against, from the Parliamentary Majority Alliance (AMP) and the opposition. The outcome of the vote was 19 in favour, 31 against and 0 abstentions from a total of 50 MPs who were present. The MPs who voted against were from AMP.

“JSMP is very concerned with the dynamics and political developments in the National Parliament recently, because the political climate remains unhealthy and unsafe in the interests of the people. These policies will have serious implications on political and institutional relationships and communications with the President of the Republic because they undermine the relationships between the sovereign organs and will affect the life of the nation and ordinary citizens”, said the Executive Director of JSMP, Luis de Oliveira Sampaio.

JSMP understands that these practices reflect the spirit of the norms provided in the Constitution regarding “checks and balances” but these mechanisms need to be exercised in a healthy, responsible, dignified manner and most of all should protect the national interest and promote good governance, not for political reasons that are counterproductive.

If MPs from AMP are expressing political dissatisfaction in relation to the list of candidates for members of government that still remains pending, then JSMP requests for the MPs in the National Parliament, especially the MPs from AMP, to use the legal and constitutional mechanisms provided for in the law to challenge the decision of the President of the Republic in order to end this debate/polemic.

JSMP has observed that the solution promoted by the Prime Minister, Taur Matan Ruak and the President of the Republic, Francisco Guterres “Lu-Olo” to use dialogue has not been acknowledged and received positively to date because each party is maintaining their respective position. In a democratic nation based on the rule of law the right, appropriate and legitimate solution is a court decision, to avoid political options that are unsafe for the nation and this fledgling system of democracy.

The members of parliament might have their own assessments and political convictions, but JSMP believes that there is no urgent and exceptional need to blcok the President of the Republic from travelling overseas, especially as this is the third time. This policy has no basis because the political situation has been almost normal since the President of the Republic promulgated the 2018 State Budget on 27 September 2018.

During the vote the opposition benches expressed strong criticism and disappointment with the policy of the MPs from AMP who voted against this visit. The Opposition Party of PD when declaring its vote considered this decision to be a political one that is unfavourable for our nation. The PD Bench noted that the other organs, such as the President of the National Parliament, have travelled overseas whenever they like, whilst the President of the Republic continues to be blocked by the members of the National Parliament. This has created a precedent that will have political complications for our nation in the future. What is the reason for again blocking the trip of the President of the Republic? The PD Bench outlined that they don’t know for how long the MPs from AMP will continue with this policy of impeding each other.

Previously PD had only 8 votes for the President Minister Taur Matan Ruak to visit Japan, said MP Adriano when declaring the votes.

The FRETILIN Bench also expressed disappointment with this decision when declaring the votes. MP Antonino Bianco said that he has only just recently experienced the feelings of hatred towards Fretilin or this historical leader. MP Bianco added that this is the only time that the President of the Republic, the Chief of State, has been hated in this country. From all of the countries in the world, it only happens in Timor-Leste.

Although the AMP Bench did not declare its vote in the plenary, through an interview with the media, an MP from AMP, Mr. Patrocínio Fernandes dos Reis, said that the President of the Republic’s trip is important but does not mean that domestic problems are not important. There is no concern about the bilateral relations between the two countries, because the role of the Government is to engage in diplomacy between the countries. The visit of the President of the Republic is not to engage in diplomacy but to ensure a good image by representing the State overseas.

For more information please contact:

Luis de Oliveira Sampaio

Executive Director of JSMP

Telephone: 3323883

www.jsmp.tl

29 October 2018

Polemic on Appointment of Government: Observer suggests taking to Court

Timor Post, October 24, 2018 Language source: Tetun

The disagreement on the appointment of nine members of the government cabinet has caused tension between Timor-Leste’s President and the government-ruling party, Alliance of Change for Progress (AMP).

On June 22, President Lu-Olo refused to swear in nine nominations of AMP coalition party because of their involvement in corruption investigations. As a response to President of the Republic, Francisco Guterres Lu-Olo’s refusal of the nine nominees, AMP in parliament has blocked President Lu-Olo’s overseas visit plan three times in row including Tuesday’s cancelation of President’s plan to participate in Bali Democracy Forum.

With the fourth cancelation of President Francisco Guterres Lu-Olo’s overseas visit is underway – President is scheduled to travel to Vatican on November 3, 2018, Political Observer, Camilo Ximenes suggests taking the polemic of the blocked nominations to the Court of Appeals to resolve it.

“Both parties – AMP and President - could take it to the court to resolve it if one of the parties feel that it is not fair,” Ximenes said.

He added the political problem could never be resolved if both parties did not want to give in, but they could resolve it with legal proceedings to end the polemic.

The deadlock over the blocked nominations is seven people from the National Congress of the Timorese Reconstruction (CNRT): Francisco Kalbuadi Lay, Helder Lopes,Tomás do Rosário Cabral, Vergilho Smith, Jacinto Rigoberto Gomes de Deus, Sérgio Gama da C. Lobo, Amândio de Sá Benevides and two José Manuel Soares Turquel de Jesus and António Verdial de Sousa who are from coalition's other partner KHUNTO.

Clash in Balide leaves a young man seriously injured

GMN Diário Nacional, October 24, 2018 Language source: Tetun Clash between young people in Balide, Dili Tuesday has left a young man named Jacinto Dos Santos seriously injured.

The victim is currently getting medical treatment at National Hospital of Guido Valadares.

A community said on Monday two groups of young people had stoned each other and police had detained one of the suspects, but on Tuesday they continued stoning each other.

“The victim rode a motorbike and he came from Santa Cruz area, when he reached the front of Balide Church, a group of young men attacked him with stones and when he fell down, they continued stoning beating him up with hammer,” a bystander who did not want to be named told reporters Tuesday.

He added the incident happened in front of police station, but the police did not come out to help the victim.

In addition, the victim’s family lamented because the incident happened in front of police station, but the late response from the police had left the young man seriously injured. GMN tried to confirm the issue with Balide Police Station, but they refused to comment, saying the case was under investigation.

Parliament cancels President Lu-Olo’s visit to Indonesia

Independente, October 24, 2018 Language source: Tetun

National Parliament (PN) through a plenary session Tuesday has canceled President of the Republic Francisco Guterres Lu-Olo’s plan to participate in Bali Democracy Forum in Bali of Indonesia.

President Lu-Olo was invited by Indonesian President Joko Widodo to participate in Bali Democracy Forum, but PN did not authorise it because 31 PN members have voted against the plan and only 19 members voted in favour. With this cancellation, parliament has canceled Lu-Olo’s overseas visits for the third time. In September and July, PN canceled Lu-Olo’s visits to Portugal and New York.

Addressing parliament after the cancelation, David Dos Ximenes, from Fretilin party, said sensibility of PN members from Alliance of Change for Progress (AMP) had died because they had cancelled the President’s overseas visits several times.

“Last month, you (AMP members, red) canceled President’s visit to New York because President had not yet promulgated 2018 State Budget, but now? President has promulgated the state budget, why did you cancel his overseas visit?” he said.

Meanwhile, Patrocino Fernandes, from CNRT Party – one of the AMP Coalition party, said they did not authorise President Lu-Olo’s visit to overseas because there was domestic issues that needed to be addressed by President of the Republic. “We did not authorise President’s overseas visit because of political reasons.

There are nine nominations of government members have not yet inaugurated,” Fernandes said.

President's appointment of Deputy General Prosecutor questioned

Polemic on Deputy PGR appointment, Hornai: Suara Timor Lorosae, October 25, 2018 language source: Tetun

The appointment of new Deputy General Prosecutor (PGR) by President of the Republic Francisco Guterres Lu-Olo has caused polemic with many called on President Lu-Olo to reverse his decision.

Responding to the polemic, a member of Superior Council of Public Prosecutor (KSMMP), Sergio Hornai, said President of the Republic nominated the new Deputy General Prosecutor based on proposal from KSMMP.

“KSMMP proposed three people, it means all of them are admissible, therefore, there is nothing wrong with the appointment of Alfonso Lopez as new Deputy General Prosecutor,” Hornai told reporters outside Presidential Palace on Wednesday (24/10).

Civil society organisations have been criticising President of the Republic, Francisco Guterres Lu-Olo for nominating second class prosecutor Alfonso Lopes as new Deputy General Prosecutor, saying it violated General Prosecutor’s statutes.

Government to Establish Military Court under auspices of District Courts

ETLJB Editor's Note: In view of the problematical behaviour of defence force personnel over the years, it is high time that the Military Courts were established. 

It seems that, administratively, the Court will operate under the auspices of the civil District Courts. In my view, they should be constituted separately to all other courts. 

Constitution 
Section 130 (Military Courts) 
1. It is incumbent upon military courts to judge in first instance crimes of military nature.
2. The competence, organisation, composition and functioning of military courts shall be established by law.

GMN Diário Nacional, October 25, 2018 Language source: Tetun

The Timorese Government through the Ministry of Defense has planned to establish military court in 2019.

Minister of Defense Filomeno Paixão said military crimes should not be put on trial in civil court because it was difference with civil crimes and related with military codes.

“It does not need big amount of money to set up a military court, we can set up a military court under district court to process military cases such as selling guns and bullets or hunting wild animals with the state-owned guns by military officers, and many other cases,” he told reporters outside Government Palace recently.

He added the military court did not need military judges and prosecutors, they could be normal judges and prosecutors, they only needed military codes.ENDS


East Timor National Parliament denies President permission to leave the country

Independente, October 25, 2018 language source: Tetun

President of the Republic Francisco Guterres Lu-Olo accepted and respected National Parliament (PN)’s decision of cancelling his planned overseas visit to participate in International Democracy Forum in Bali of Indonesia, but he also hinted at interdependence of powers between state bodies.

The visit’s rejection, which received 31 votes to 19 on Tuesday, followed parliament denying the President’s attendance at the UN General Assembly in New York last month and also a state visit to Portugal in July.

Addressing media at Presidential Palace on Wednesday, President Lu-Olo said it was under parliament’s competence whether to authorise his foreign visit or not, but he also called on parliament to be ready and accept his decision when it was time for President of the Republic to exercise his competences. “It is their competence whether to authorise or not, but President of the Republic also has competences and other state bodies should not interfere,” he warned.

Responding to parliament’s call for prioritising domestic issues over international affairs, President Lu-Olo reminded parliament of one of the roles of President of the Republic was to strengthen bilateral ties with foreign countries.

“The pending nominations is our internal problem (…) we should not use it as a political payback to President of the Republic which in process strains our relations with other countries,” Lu-Olo said.


28 October 2018

Timor-Leste: Pengunduran Diri Presiden

Rentangan, penyimpangan dan situasi dystopic dari pemerintah terus berlanjut, yang disebabkan oleh seorang Presiden yang, dengan kesalahan penilaian yang parah, secara salah dan tidak konstitusional menyangkal fungsi pemerintah.

Seringkali, solusi masalah kompleks dicapai melalui proses yang sederhana.

Menimbang bahwa Presiden dengan tegas menolak penunjukan resmi tidak kurang dari sembilan calon Menteri yang dinominasikan oleh Perdana Menteri dan lebih jauh mengingat pengamatan saya sebelumnya tentang ketidakkonstitusionalan perilaku Presiden, mari kita lihat beberapa ketentuan lain dari Konstitusi yang mungkin menjadi relevan atau setidaknya harus dipertimbangkan oleh semua orang, tetapi terutama Yang Mulia sendiri.

Karena ia menemukan dirinya pada tingkat ketidaksesuaian seperti dengan Parlemen dan Pemerintah yang dipilih secara demokratis, tidak dapat melaksanakan tanggung jawab konstitusionalnya, telah membahayakan pemerintahan yang stabil dengan mengorbankan rakyat yang mengharapkan Perdana Menteri dan para Menterinya untuk memerintah, tetapi, pada akhirnya, tidak dapat melampaui ideologi politik yang menyebabkan perilaku bermasalahnya, telah menunjukkan ketidakmampuan untuk berfungsi sebagai Presiden yang patuh secara konstitusional, maka satu pilihan baginya adalah mengundurkan diri dari jabatannya.

Untungnya, Konstitusi membuat ketentuan untuk pengunduran diri sukarela dari Presiden.

Pasal 81
(Pengunduran Diri dari Jabatan)
1. Presiden Republik dapat mengundurkan diri dari jabatannya melalui pemberitahuan yang disampaikan pada Parlemen Nasional.
2. Pengunduran diri menjadi resmi apabila pemberitahuannya telah diketahui oleh Parlemen Nasional, tetapi pengunduran diri tersebut tetap harus diumumkan dalam Lembaran Negara.
3. Apabila Presiden Republik mengundurkan diri dari jabatan, dia tidak akan diperkenankan untuk mencalonkan diri baik pada pemilihan presiden yang segera diadakan setelah pengunduran dirinya maupun pada pemilihan biasa yang akan diselenggarakan setelah lima tahun. 

Dalam kasus pengunduran diri, Konstitusi lebih lanjut mengatur fungsi kepresidenan untuk diberikan kepada Ketua Parlemen Nasional:

Pasal 82
(Kemangkatan, Pengunduran diri atau Kecacatan Tetap)
1. Apabila Presiden Republik mangkat, mengundurkan diri atau menyanggang cacat tetap, fungsi-fungsinya akan dijalankan sementara oleh Presiden Parlemen Nasional, yang akan dipersumpahkan oleh anggota Parlemen yang akan menjabat sebagai Presiden Parlemen Nasional sementara, dihadapan Anggota-anggota Parlemen Nasional dan wakil-wakil dari lembaga-lembaga kedaulatan lainnya.

Pemerintah berhak memerintah. Mereka yang menolak pemerintahan yang demokratis ini sangat bertentangan dengan gagasan sentral demokrasi bahwa satu-satunya pilihan adalah mengundurkan diri.

Ini kemudian akan memungkinkan Parlemen untuk menyelesaikan kesenjangan di dalam Pemerintah.

Ini tidak masuk akal atau juga merupakan yurisprudensi demokratis yang baik bahwa Pemerintah yang memiliki mayoritas di Parlemen digagalkan dari pemerintahan oleh Presiden bertindak jauh melampaui legitimasi konstitusionalnya.

JSMP husu ba Parlementu Nasionál atu hakotu polémika lista membru governu pendente liuhosi Tribunál

JUDICIAL SYSTEM MONITORING PROGRAMME
 PROGRAMA MONITORIZASAUN BA SISTEMA JUDISIÁRIU Komunikadu Imprensa 26 Outubru 2018 Parlamentu Nasionál

Parlamentu Nasionál dala ida tan kansela deslokasaun Prezidente Repúblika ba rai-li’ur

JSMP husu ba Parlementu Nasionál atu hakotu polémika lista membru governu pendente liuhosi Tribunál

Iha 23 Outubru 2018, liuhosi reuniaun plenária Parlamentu Nasionál, deputadu sira dala ida tan la autóriza pedidu deslokasaun Prezidente Repúblika nian ba nasaun viziñu Indonezia.

Durante diskusaun no votasaun ba pedidu vizita Prezidente Repúblika nian ne’e hamosu pro no kontra entre deputadu sira husi Aliansa Maioria Parlamentár (AMP) no opozisaun. Rezultadu votasaun; afavór 19, kontra 31 no abstensaun 0 hosi totál deputadu na’in 50 ne’ebé marka prezensa. Deputadu sira ne’ebé vota kontra ne’e mai hosi deputadu AMP sira.

“JSMP preukupadu teb-tebes ho dinámika no dezenvolvimentu polítika iha Parlamentu Nasionál ikus-ikus ne’e, ne’ebé politikamente kontinua la saúdavel no la seguru ba interese povu nian. Polítika hirak-ne’e potensialmente sei lori implikasaun sériu ba relasaun no komunikasaun polítiku no instituisionál entre Prezidente Repúblika tanba prejudika relasaun entre órgaun soberanu sira no sei afeita vida nasaun no povu ki’ik sira”, dehan  Diretór Ezekutivu JSMP, Luis de Oliveira Sampaio.

JSMP konsiente katak prátika hirak ne’e reflete espíritu norma sira iha Konstituisaun Repúblika kona-ba sistema “check and balance” maibé mekanizmu ne’e tenke ezerse iha forma ida-ne’ebé saúdavel, responsavel, dignu no liu-liu atu proteze interese nasionál no promove governasaun di’ak, la’os tanba razaun polítiku ne’ebé kontraprodutivu.

Se ida-ne’e nu’udar manifestasaun deskontentementu polítiku hosi deputadu sira AMP nian relasiona ho lista membru governu pendente sira, JSMP husu ba deputadu sira iha PN, liu-liu deputadu AMP atu utiliza mekanizmu legál-konstituisionál tuir lei permite atu dezafia desizaun Prezidente Repúblika nian hodi hakotu polémika ne’e.

JSMP observa katak solusaun ho diálogu ne’ebé Primeriu Ministru, Taur Matan Ruak no Prezidente Repúblika, Francisco Guterres “Lu-Olo” promove durante ne’e la hetan sinál no progresu pozitivu ruma tanba ida-idak mantein ninia pozisaun.  Iha Estadu Direitu Demokrátiku, solusaun ne’ebé loos, própriu, lejítimu mak liuhosi desizaun Tribunál nian, nune’e evita opsaun polítiku sira ne’ebé la seguru ba ita nia nasaun no sistema demokrásia ne’ebé sei nurak hela.

Deputadu sira bele sira iha sira-nia avaliasaun no konviksaun polítiku rasik, maibé JSMP fiar katak la iha nesesidade ida-ne’ebé urjente no esesionál atu impede Prezidente Repúblika nia viajen ba rai-liur, satan ida-ne’e ba datoluk ona. Polítika ida-ne’e la iha fundamentu tanba ita-nia situasaun polítiku ne’ebé kuaze normál depoisde Prezidente Repúblika pronúnsia promulgasaun Orsamentu Jerál Estadu (OJE) 2018 nian iha 27 Setembru 2018 liuba.

Durante deklarasaun votu bankada opozisaun sira hato’o krítika no lamentasaun ne’ebé forte hasoru polítika deputadu AMP ne’ebé vota kontra pedidu deslokasaun ne’e. Bankada opozisaun PD iha nia deklarasaun votu, konsidera desizaun ida-ne’e hanesan desizaun polítiku ida-ne’ebé la dún di’ak iha ita-nia nasaun. Bankada PD kompara katak órgaun sira seluk hanesan Prezidente Parlamentu Nasionál ba li’ur a-vontade, enkuantu Prezidente Repúblika kontinua hetan impedimentu hosi deputadu PN. Situasaun ida-ne’e kria hela presedente ida ne’ebé aban bainrua sei lori komplikasaun polítiku ba iha ita-nia nasaun. Tanba sá ita impede tan dala ida Prezidente Repúblika nia vizita. Bankada PD subliña katak sira la hatene to’o bainhira mak deputadu AMP sira hapara polítika impede malu hanesan ne’e.

Uluk PD lori ho votu 8 de’it lori Prezidente Taur Matan Ruak ba halo vizita iha Japaun, tenik Deputadu Adriano iha nia deklarasaun votu.

Iha parte seluk bankada FRETILIN mós lamenta ho desizaun ida-ne’e liuhusi deklarasaun votu. Deputadu Antonino Bianco hateten katak sentimentu ódiu ba Fretilin ka lider istóriku ne’e  ha’u foin sente agora. Deputadu Bianco hatutan katak ema ne’ebé ódiu Prezidente Repúblika, Xefe Estadu iha rai ida ne’e, foin akontese dala ida. Iha rai sira iha mundu tomak mós foin mak akontese iha Timor-Leste..

Maske bankada AMP la fó deklarasaun votu iha plenária, maibé liuhosi intervista ba mídia sira- deputadu husi AMP, Sr. Patrocínio Fernandes dos Reis katak Presidente Repúblika nia deslokasaun ne’e importante mais la signifika katak problema rai laran la importante. Tanba ne’e  importante liu mak problema iha rai laran. Kona-ba relasaun bilaterál entre rai rua ne’e lalika preoukupa, tanba Governu nia papél mak atu halo polítika diplomasia nasaun nian. Prezidente Repúblika ninia vizita sira ne’e la’ós atu halo servisu diplomasia maibé atu assegura ka hatudu imajen de’it katak iha reprezentasaun Estadu iha fatin ne’ebá.


Atu  hetan informasaun kle’an liu tan favór kontaktu:


Luis de Oliveira Sampaio

Diretór Ezekutivu JSMP

Telefone: 3323883

www.jsmp.tl

www.jsmp.tl

East Timor: The Resignation of the President

"Fortunately, the Constitution makes provision for the voluntary resignation of the President."

The contortions, perversions and dystopic situation of the government continues, caused by a President who, by grave error of judgment, wrongfully and unconstitutionally denies the government functionality.

Oftentimes, the solution of a complex problem is achieved through a simple process.

Considering that the President obstinately refuses the formal appointment of no less than nine Ministerial candidates nominated by the Prime Minister and further recalling my earlier observations about the unconstitutionality of the President's conduct, let us look at some other provisions of the Constitution that might become relevant or at least should be considered by everyone, but especially the His Excellency himself.

Since he finds himself at such a level of incompatibility with the democratically elected Parliament and Government, unable to discharge his constitutional responsibilities, has compromised stable governance at the expense of the people who expect their Prime Minister and his Ministers to rule, but, ultimately, unable to transcend the political ideology that is causing his problematical behaviour, has demonstrated incompetence to function as a constitutionally-compliant President, then one option is for him to resign from office.

Fortunately, the Constitution makes provision for the voluntary resignation of the President.

Article 81 (Resignation of Office) 
1. The President of the Republic may resign from office by message addressed to the National Parliament. 
2. Resignation shall take effect once the message is made known to the National Parliament without prejudice to its subsequent publication in the official gazette. 
3. Where the President of the Republic resigns from office, he or she shall not be eligible to stand for presidential elections immediately after resignation nor in the regular elections to be held after five years.

In the case of resignation, the Constitution further provides for the presidential functions to be vested in the Speaker of the National Parliament:

Article 82
(Death, resignation or permanent disability)
1. In case of death, resignation or permanent disability of the President of the Republic, his or her functions shall be taken over on an interim basis by the Speaker of the National Parliament, who shall be sworn in by the Speaker a.i. of the National Parliament before the Members of the National Parliament and representatives of the organs of sovereignty. 

The Government is entitled to govern. Those who resist this democratic governance are at such odds with the central ideas of democracy that the only option is to resign.

This would then enable the Parliament to resolve the gaps in the Government.

It makes neither common sense nor does it constitute good democratic jurisprudence that a Government that has a majority in the Parliament is thwarted from governing by the President acting far beyond his constitutional legitimacy.

Warren L. Wright BA LLB

Artigo 81.º
(Renúncia ao mandato)
1. O Presidente da República pode renunciar ao mandato em mensagem dirigida ao Parlamento Nacional.
2. A renúncia torna-se efectiva com o conhecimento da mensagem pelo Parlamento Nacional, sem prejuízo da sua ulterior publicação em jornal oficial.
3. Se o Presidente da República renunciar ao cargo, não poderá candidatar-se nas eleições imediatas nem nas que se realizem no quinquénio imediatamente subsequente à renúncia

Artigo 82.º
(Morte, renúncia ou incapacidade permanente)
1. Em caso de morte, renúncia ou incapacidade permanente do Presidente da República, as suas funções são interinamente assumidas pelo Presidente do Parlamento Nacional, que toma posse perante os Deputados e os representantes dos outros órgãos de soberania e é investido pelo Presidente do Parlamento Nacional em exercício.  

See also

East Timor President has no constitutional role in State Governance

ROCCIPI elucidates unconstitutional behaviour by President Lu-Olo

East Timor Constitution on Criminal liability of the members of Government

2018 Election: Fretilin falls, again; Xanana resurrects

East Timor President Lu-Olo Discredits Office of President & Perverts the Will of the People

On the President's Constitutional Powers on Nominations by Prime Minister of Ministers of State

A note on "unconstructive and irresponsible commentary" on the Constitution of East Timor

Constitution of East Timor: President's Role in Civil Governance by Elected Legislature and Government

East Timor: Whither Democracy?

East Timor: Democracy in Ruin by Presidential Unconstitutionality

East Timor Constitution on the Dismissal of the President

24 October 2018

Husband acquitted of Wife's Murder

"before the victim died the victim was assaulted by a person with a pillow who smothered her mouth and nose and the victim could not breathe until her lungs burst and this killed the victim. The court found that the victim died because she was hung up by someone in the house,.....The court also found that the victim had injuries to her mouth and throat."

JSMP has published its Case Summary The Dili District Court August 2018. Included in the Case Summary is a case of aggravated homicide where it was alleged that the husband had murdered his wife. The case number is 0049/15.PGGC. The following is an extract from the Case Summary relating to this matter.

"On 31 August 2018 the Dili District Court conducted a hearing to announce its decision in a case of aggravated homicide involving the defendant CGP who allegedly committed the offence against the victim HS (deceased), his wife, in Dili District.

Charges of the Public Prosecutor

The public prosecutor alleged that on 7 October 2014 the defendant and the victim argued about a WhatsApp (WA) message that the victim received from the victim's former boyfriend that he still kissed the victim's photograph in his bedroom. After reading this message the defendant immediately left the house.

On 8 October 2014, at approximately 7am, the defendant returned home and again argued with the victim about the message he saw on the victim's WA and said “you are not ready to be with a man”. The victim responded to the defendant by saying “Be quiet, you hypocrite”.

23 October 2018

Law by Blood and Death: Customary Law in East Timor

This note is a short account of the author’s experience of a customary law-making process in East Timor in 2001.

The whole village, including children, and guests, sat in a circular formation around the centre of the village totem. Tied to the totem were a cow, a dog, a pig and several chickens. There was a blue plastic bucket and coconut palm leaves cut into sections.

The ceremony began. I will only describe the events that I witnessed because I was unable to understand the language although there was an English interpretation that summarised what was happening. I and several of my international colleagues as representative of the UNTAET Land and Property Unit had been invited to attend and witness this law-making process by the village chief.

The purpose of the ritual was to enact a new law for the village’s territory and that law was that no more trees were to be cut down. Deforestation had ravaged the landscape all over East Timor during the Indonesian military occupation. Sandalwood tree forests had been overexploited almost to the point of eradication.

The animals represented the penalty that anyone would have to pay if they cut down trees.

One of the village officials drew back his katana and plunged it into the cow’s neck. The cow screamed, dropped to its knees with blood gushing from the wound. It continued to wail in its death throes until there was silence.

Next, the dog, muzzled, was held up and stabbed in the neck several times with a dagger. The dog yelped and screamed as it was stabbed and bled out to death.

The pig and the chickens soon followed the fate of their comrades.

As the cow bled out, the blue plastic bucket was held to the wound to collect its blood. One of the cow’s ears and strip of hide were cut from the beast and tied to a section of the coconut palm leaf. The palm leave was then dipped in the blood and the blood splashed upon the totem.

Declarations were made about the new law. The village chief apologised to his foreign guests: “I see that our foreign guests have become upset at what they have witnessed today. This is our way.”

The next part of the process was the formation of a procession of all in attendance that walked to a tall tree in a prominent location in the village territory. The blood soaked palm leaf with the cow’s ear attached were placed in the tree as a sign that a new law had been made.

While absent from the village during this procession, the animals that had been slaughtered were prepared for eating.

It was at this point that my colleagues and I decided to leave. The prospect of eating dog meat was the most difficult concept to deal with.

This law-making process according to custom is a dramatic variation to the way that we are accustomed; the bloodless passage of a bill through Parliament. I record it for our edification. One other interesting aspect of this phenomenon is that it occurred in a village just outside Dili in the highlands back from the coast a little but just a short distance from where the formal law-making processes of the Parliament occur.

Warren L. Wright BA LLB

Image: https://www.dw.com/en/ancient-traditions-protect-the-environment-in-east-timor/a-18260999

18 October 2018

Prokuradór tenke eskolla provizaun ne’ebé apropriadu ba krime violénsia doméstika sira tuir krime ida-idak ninia gravidade no sirkunstánsia

JUDICIAL SYSTEM MONITORING PROGRAMME PROGRAMA MONITORIZASAUN BA SISTEMA JUDISIÁRIU Komunikadu Imprensa Tribunál Distritál Dili 18 Outubru 2018

 Prokuradór tenke eskolla provizaun ne’ebé apropriadu ba krime violénsia doméstika sira tuir krime ida-idak ninia gravidade no sirkunstánsia

Prokuradór tenke eskolla provizaun ne’ebé apropriadu ba krime violénsia doméstika sira tuir krime ida-idak ninia gravidade no sirkunstánsia atu asegura katak krime ida-idak hetan kondenasaun ne’ebé reflete no ekilibriu ho arguidu ninia hahalok.

Importante teb-tebes atu avalia elementu no natureza krime ida-idak tuir krime ne’e nia komplesidade no risku potensiál hosi kazu ida-idak bazeia ba avaliasaun profunda antes termina krime ne’e nia tipu no artigu ne’ebé sei uja atu akuza ba arguidu.

Iha 20 Setembru 2018, Tribunál Distritál Dili julga krime ofensa ba integridade fízika simples ho natureza violénsia doméstika ne'ebé envolve arguidu RdS hasoru nia feen, iha Distritu Dili.

14 October 2018

Julgamentu kazu abuzu seksual hasoru menor iha Tribunál Distritál Suai

JSMP TIMOR-LESTE·TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 2018 Iha 12 Jullu 2018, Tribunál Distritál Suai prezide leitura akordaun ba krime abuzu seksuál ba menór ne’ebé envolve arguidu JA hasoru lezada FMB ho idade foin tinan 12, iha Distritu Covalima.

Akuzasaun prokuradórProkuradór akuza katak maisumenus, iha tinan 2015, lezada ba asiste televizaun iha arguidu nia uma. Iha ne’ebá arguidu bolu no bosok tiha lezada atu tau ai-moruk ba lezada nia fuuk halo naruuk, nune’e arguidu lori lezada ba iha arguidu nia kintál-laran iha lutu-hun. Maibé depois arguidu hasai lezada nia kalsa, nahe faru ida iha rai, buti lezada nia ibun no halo relasaun seksuál ho lezada. Arguidu ameasa lezada atu la bele fó hatene ba ema seluk. Aktu ne’e, halo lezada sofre ran sai barak no halo lezada la’o ladiak. 

Iha kalan tuir mai kedas, lezada atu ba asiste tan televizaun iha arguidu nia uma, maibé arguidu hein ona lezada iha dalan no dada lezada ba kintál-laran. Arguidu nahe karón ida no hatoba lezada iha karón leten no halo relasaun seksuál ho lezada.

Iha kalan ba dala tolu no dala haat, arguidu aproveita nafatin kalan bainhira lezada atu ba hare televizaun iha arguidu nia uma, no aproveita mós arguidu nia feen laiha uma, arguidu bolu lezada no halo relasaun seksuál ho lezada. Depoisde halo relasaun hotu, arguidu haruka lezada ba asiste televizaun iha arguidu nia uma. 

Depoisde ne’e, iha 04 Dezembru 2015, maizumenus tuku 11:00 kalan lezada asiste hela televizaun no arguidu nia-feen toba hela iha sala ne’e. Arguidu nia-feen hare (la moos), maibé nia hare hanesan arguidu ko’us lezada tama ba iha kuartu-laran no halo relasaun seksuál ho lezada. Maibé arguidu nia-feen la brani husu tuir tanba nia tauk arguidu sei komete krime ba nia tanba antes ne’e arguidu sempre komete ona krime hasoru nia-feen.

Maisumenus iha 16 Dezembru 2015, bainhira arguidu la iha uma, arguidu nia-feen foin husu ba lezada kona-ba akontesementu relasiona ho arguidu nia-feen diskonfia arguidu ko’us lezada ba kuartu–laran. Iha momentu ne’ebá lezada hatan ba arguidu nia-feen katak arguidu ko’us nia ba kuartu-laran no haruka lezada kolu kalsa hodi halo relasaun seksuál. Kazu ne’e foin relata ba polisia bainhira arguidu komete violénsia doméstika hasoru nia-feen iha 19 Dezembru 2015. Iha momentu ne’ebá arguidu nia feen aliende hato’o keixa iha polísia ba kazu violénsia doméstika, arguidu nia-feen aproveita hato’o mós keixa ba kazu violasaun seksuál hasoru lezada.

Prokuradór akuza, arguidu kontra artigu 177(1) KP kona-ba abuzu seksuál ba menór ho moldura penál hosi tinan 5 to’o 20 prizaun, konjuga ho artigu 41 KP kona-ba krime kontinuadu.

Produsaun ba prova sira Iha prosesu julgamentu, arguidu nega ba faktu sira ne’ebé prokuradór akuza hasoru nia no deklara katak nia la halo relasaun seksuál ho lezada. Arguidu rekoñese katak nia kaer no buti lezada nia hirus-matan no mós kaer lezada nia vajina. Arguidu mós deklara katak kazu ne’e sira rezolve ona tuir lisan Timor nian no arguidu entrega osan US$1,250.00 ba lezada no família. 
Enkuantu, lezada kontinua reforsa akuzasaun prokuradór nian maibé deklara katak relasaun seksuál akontese tuir loloos dalaualu. Lezada hatutan katak akontesimentu segundu to’o dalawalu ne’e laiha ameasa no lezada rasik mak hakarak ba asiste televizaun iha arguidu nia uma. Aleinde ne’e lezada mós konfirma ho deklarasaun arguidu nian katak kazu ne’e sira rezolve ona tuir lisan Timor nian no arguidu entrega duni osan US$1,250.00 ba lezada nia família. 

Testemuña JdR nu’udar arguidu nia feen depoimenta katak nia la hare ho matan relasaun seksuál ne’e, maibé testemuña deskobre kazu ne’e bainhira nia deskonfia iha kalan ida arguidu hanesan ko’us lezada ba kuarta no nia husu tuir lezada mak lezada konta sai ba nia katak arguidu halo relasaun seksuál ho nia. Hafoin ida-ne’e, tanba arguidu mós komete krime violénsia doméstika hasoru testemuña nune’e, ba halo keixa ba kazu violénsia domestika no kazu abuzu seksuál ba lezada. Depois testemuña lori lezada ba iha ospitál no rezultadu médiku relata halo ezaminasaun mediku no relata katak iha sinal kona-ba relasaun seksual ne’ebé akontese ona ba lezada. 

Alegasun finál Prokuradór konsidera katak arguidu komete duni krime hasoru lezada. Tanba ne’e, bazeia ba lezada nia deklarasaun no relatóriu médiku, prokuradór husu ba tribunál atu kondena arguidu ho pena prizaun tinan neen.

Iha parte seluk, defeza konsidera arguidu la halo relasaun seksuál ho lezada, apenas kaer no buti hirus-matan no kaer lezada nia vajina. Tanba ne’e, defeza konsidera arguidu ninia hahalok la prenxe rekezitu sira hosi krime abuzu seksuál ba menór. Bazeia ba konsiderasaun ne’e, defeza husu ba tribunál atu aplika pena ne’ebé justu no adekuadu ba arguidu.

Desizaun Depoisde avalia faktu sira ne’ebé prodús durante julgamentu, tribunál konklui katak arguidu provadu komete duni relasaun seksuál ho lezada hamutuk dalawalu. Tribunál la hetan prova katak arguidu uja forsa no ameasa hasoru lezada durante komete relasaun seksual ne’e, tanba tribunál bazeia ba deklarasaun lezada nian katak arguidu la uza forsa no ameasa. Tribunál mós avalia faktu sira kona-ba lezada kontinua ba asiste televizaun iha kalan tutuir-malu depoisde akontesementu ne’e. Maibé tanba lezada sei ho idade menor (tinan 12), nune’e tribunál konklui prosesu ne’e no kondena arguidu ho pena prizaun tinan 18.

Note: Atu asesu ba sumariu kazu sira seluk favor bele vizita link ida-ne’e: http://jsmp.tl/wp-content/uploads/SumariuKazuTribunalSUAI_TETUM-1.pdf ka vizita web JSMP iha : www.jsmp.tl atu hetan informasaun sira seluk iha tribunál sira seluk.

13 October 2018

Serangan Seksual terhadap Anak, Hubungan Seksual Sedarah dan Pembunuhan Bayi di Timor-Leste

Pendahuluan
Organisasi masyarakat sipil hukum dan keadilan Timor-Leste, JSMP, telah menerbitkan Ringkasan Kasusnya Pengadilan Distrik Dili Juli 2018. Laporan ini mencakup pengamatan atas proses pengadilan dalam dua kasus kekerasan seksual terhadap anak di bawah umur; dan satu melawan seseorang yang tidak dapat membela diri.

Beberapa hal khusus ketiga kasus ini diekstraksi di bawah ini.

Keputusan dalam Kasus Pertama
Pengadilan tidak membuktikan bahwa terdakwa menggunakan kekuatan atau ancaman ketika dia melakukan hubungan seksual dengan korban. Berdasarkan sertifikat baptis korban pengadilan menemukan bahwa korban berusia 14 tahun dan 3 bulan ketika insiden itu terjadi. Oleh karena itu pengadilan memodifikasi dakwaan dari Pasal 172 dan 173 KUHP menjadi tindakan seksual dengan seorang remaja sesuai dengan Pasal 178 KUHP.

Pengadilan menganggap bahwa terdakwa mengambil keuntungan dari pengalaman korban ketika ia melakukan hubungan seksual dengan korban. Berdasarkan dakwaan yang diubah ini dan pertimbangan-pertimbangan yang disebutkan di atas, pengadilan menjatuhkan hukuman kepada terdakwa tiga tahun penjara, ditangguhkan selama lima tahun, dan memerintahkan terdakwa untuk tampil secara berkala di pengadilan sebulan sekali selama satu tahun.

Keputusan dalam Kasus Kedua
Pengadilan membebaskan terdakwa dari dakwaan jaksa penuntut umum karena tidak terbukti bahwa terdakwa memiliki hubungan romantis dengan korban dan tidak terbukti bahwa dia melakukan hubungan seksual dengan korban meskipun korban berada di bawah tempat tidur terdakwa.

Kejahatan Pelecehan Seksual Ketiga Orang yang Tidak Mampu Melakukan Perlawanan
Saya menyebutkan kasus ini lagi karena paling tidak analog dengan pelanggaran seksual terhadap anak di bawah umur. Pengadilan menemukan bahwa terdakwa melakukan hubungan seksual dengan korban sebanyak tiga kali, meskipun terdakwa tahu bahwa korban mengalami cacat fisik di tangan dan kakinya. Sehubungan dengan bayi korban, pengadilan tidak menemukan bahwa bayi itu adalah anak terdakwa. Berdasarkan bukti ini pengadilan menjatuhkan hukuman 5 tahun penjara kepada terdakwa.

JMSP telah melaporkan secara teratur pada kasus-kasus lain seperti pelecehan seksual terhadap anak di bawah umur serta meneliti masalah sosial incest, yang kemungkinan besar melibatkan anak di bawah umur. ETLJB sering berusaha menarik perhatian pada masalah pembunuhan bayi dan inses.

Laporan Pembuangan Mayat Bayi yang Tidak Sah
Belakangan ini, ada dua laporan media tentang kasus-kasus mayat bayi yang ditemukan di tempat pembuangan sampah. Versi bahasa Inggris dari laporan ini tersedia di Timor Guide Post.

Kasus-kasus ini semua menunjukkan adanya masalah sosial yang paling serius: pelanggaran hak-hak anak pada tingkat tertinggi kejahatan. Terlepas dari pelecehan seksual anak di bawah umur yang masih ada di semua masyarakat, kejadian pembuangan mayat bayi ke tumpukan sampah (dan kemungkinan bahwa ada mayat lain yang telah dimakan oleh hewan atau dibuang oleh pembuangan sampah tanpa pemberitahuan) harus memaksa pembuat kebijakan dan pembuat hukum untuk memberi perhatian serius, dan bagi seluruh masyarakat untuk memeriksa hati nuraninya dan menyadari mengapa ini terjadi, dan bagaimana menghentikannya.

7. Analisis ROCCIPI Singkat
Ada beberapa hipotesis yang mungkin diajukan sebagai penjelasan dari fenomena ini seperti hubungan seksual sedarah (incest), pemerkosaan termasuk anak di bawah umur, pembatasan oleh tabu sosial dan agama yang mengatur baik seksualitas laki-laki dan perempuan, larangan agama pada penggunaan pengendalian kelahiran, ideologi larangan agama tentang seks pra-nikah dan homoseksualitas, stigmatisasi sosial seorang ibu muda dan kutukan oleh doktrin lembaga agama atau mungkin hanya kurangnya pendidikan seks yang memadai.

Ini harus dicatat dalam referensi untuk ideologi agama sebagai penyebab perilaku bermasalah, tindakan ini dalam pelanggaran mendasar terhadap ajaran lembaga agama pada kesucian hidup dan perlindungan anak-anak, yang juga kebetulan dinyatakan dalam hukum perdata. serta teologi dan katekismus tetapi juga konvensi internasional tentang hak-hak anak.

8. Para Pelaku 
Para Pelaku yang perilaku bermasalahnya adalah penyebab utama dari peristiwa-peristiwa ini dapat secara umum dikategorikan sebagai laki-laki dengan kelainan seksual dan disposisi kriminal tertentu, termasuk ayah dan kerabat laki-laki lainnya, unit keluarga di mana incest sering diam, dan institusi keagamaan. Kepentingan para korban adalah yang paling terpenting. Lembaga agama juga merupakan Para Pelaku utama.

9. Lembaga-Lembaga Pelaksana
Lembaga Pelaksana adalah polisi, jaksa penuntut umum, Pengadilan, pembela, dan CSO yang mengurusi perempuan dalam kesusahan seperti Pradet dan para Menteri dan Departemen terkait.

Lihat lebih lanjut

Corpse of discarded baby in Dili partly eaten by dogs
http://www.easttimorlawandjusticebulletin.com/2013/05/corpse-of-discarded-baby-in-dili-partly.html

Dili District Court hands down a sentence of 20 years imprisonment in a case of incest “Girls live in danger and are unsafe in their own homes”
http://www.easttimorlawandjusticebulletin.com/2013/10/dili-district-court-hands-down-sentence.html

Police have identified female suspected of abandoning baby in Ailok Laran
http://www.easttimorlawandjusticebulletin.com/2011/01/police-have-identified-female-suspected.html

Suspended sentence in infanticide case in East Timor no deterrent
http://www.easttimorlawandjusticebulletin.com/2013/11/suspended-sentence-in-infanticide-case.html

Infanticide and baby abandonment in Timor-Leste difficult to prosecute due to lack of witnesses
http://www.easttimorlawandjusticebulletin.com/2014/07/infancticide-and-baby-abandonment-in.html

Dili District Court adjourns trial involving infanticide because the judge was dismissed by Parliamentary and Government Resolutions
http://www.easttimorlawandjusticebulletin.com/2014/12/dili-district-court-adjourns-trial.html

Incestuous paedophile father sentenced to 9.5 yrs. jail
http://www.easttimorlawandjusticebulletin.com/2012/12/incestuous-pedophile-father-sentenced.html

Dili District Court hears infanticide, assault, theft, property damage and illegal importing cases in May 2014
http://www.easttimorlawandjusticebulletin.com/2014/08/dili-district-court-hears-infanticide.html


Warren L. Wright

Sexual Assault of Minors, Incest and Infanticide in East Timor

Image: artemoris wlw2006
1. Introduction
The East Timorese law and justice civil society organisation, JSMP has published its Case Summary The Dili District Court July 2018. The report includes observations on the court proceedings in two cases of sexual assault against a minor; and one against a person unable to defend themselves.

Some particulars these three cases are extracted below.

2. Decision in the First Case
The court did not prove that the defendant used force or threats when he had sexual intercourse with the victim. Based on the victim's baptism certificate the court found that the victim was 14 years and 3 months old when the incident occurred. Therefore the court modified the charge from Article 172 and 173 of the Penal Code to sexual acts with an adolescent pursuant to Article 178 of the Penal Code.

The court considered that the defendant took advantage of the victim's inexperience when he had sexual intercourse with the victim. Based on this amended charge and the aforementioned considerations, the court sentenced the defendant to three years in prison, suspended for five years, and ordered the defendant to appear periodically at the court once a month for one year.

3. Decision in the Second Case
The court acquitted the defendant from the charges of the public prosecutor because it was not proven that the defendant had a romantic relationship with the victim and it was not proven that he had sexual intercourse with victim even though the victim was under the defendant's bed.

4. The Third Sexual Offence Abuse of Person Incapable of Resistance
I mention this case again because it is at least analogous to the sexual offences against minors. The court found that the defendant had sexual intercourse with the victim three times, even though the defendant knew that the victim had a physical disability to her hand and foot. In relation to the victim's baby, the court did not find that the baby was the defendant's child. Based on this evidence the court sentenced the defendant to 5 years in prison.

5. Incidence of Sexual Assault of Minors and Incest
JMSP has reported regularly on other such cases of the sexual assault of minors as well as researched the social problem of incest, that most likely involves minors. ETLJB has often sought to draw attention to the problems of infanticide and incest.

6. Reports of the Unlawful Disposal of Baby Corpses
In recent times, there have been two media reports of cases of the corpses of babies being found in garbage disposal areas. English versions of these reports are available at Timor Guide Post.

These cases all demonstrate the existence of a most grave social problem: the violation of the rights of the child at the highest level of opprobrium. Apart from the sexual abuse of minors that is extant across all societies, the incidence of the disposal of the corpses of babies onto garbage piles (and the possibility that there are others that have been consumed by animals or removed by garbage disposal without notice) must compel policy makers and law makers to pay serious attention, and for the whole society to examine its conscience and realise why this is happening, and how to stop it.

7. Brief ROCCIPI Analysis
There are several hypotheses that might be put forward as elucidations of this phenomena such as incest, rape including minors, restrictions by social and religious taboos that regulate both male and female sexuality, religious prohibitions on the use of birth control, the ideology of religious prohibitions on pre-marital sex and homosexuality, the social stigmatisation of a young mother and condemnation by the doctrines of the religious institutions or perhaps just lack of sufficient sex education.

It has to be noted in reference to religious ideology as the cause of problematical behaviour, these acts are in fundamental violation of the religious institutions teachings on the sanctity of life and the protection of children, which also happen to be expressed in the the civil law as well as theology and the catechism but also international conventions of the rights of the child.

8. The Role Occupants
The Role Occupants whose problematical behaviour is the primary cause of these events may be generally categorised as men with a particular sexual aberration and criminal disposition, including fathers and other male relatives, the family unit within which incest is often kept quiet, and the religious institutions. The interests of the victims are paramount. The religious institutions are also a key Role Occupant.

9. Implementing Agencies
The Implementing Agencies are the police, the public prosecutor, the Courts, the defence, and CSO's taking care of women in distress such as Pradet and relevant Ministers and Departments.

10. Short Conclusion
Whatever the cause, it needs to be discovered by research and prioritised by policy makers and the Nation’s Government institutions and Parliament. A thorough analysis using the ROCCIPI methodology would assist the formulation of policy, map the patterns of problematic behaviour and propose solutions.

11. Further resources

See further on East Timor Law and Justice Bulletin

Corpse of discarded baby in Dili partly eaten by dogs
http://www.easttimorlawandjusticebulletin.com/2013/05/corpse-of-discarded-baby-in-dili-partly.html

Dili District Court hands down a sentence of 20 years imprisonment in a case of incest “Girls live in danger and are unsafe in their own homes”
http://www.easttimorlawandjusticebulletin.com/2013/10/dili-district-court-hands-down-sentence.html

Police have identified female suspected of abandoning baby in Ailok Laran
http://www.easttimorlawandjusticebulletin.com/2011/01/police-have-identified-female-suspected.html

Suspended sentence in infanticide case in East Timor no deterrent
http://www.easttimorlawandjusticebulletin.com/2013/11/suspended-sentence-in-infanticide-case.html

Infanticide and baby abandonment in Timor-Leste difficult to prosecute due to lack of witnesses
http://www.easttimorlawandjusticebulletin.com/2014/07/infancticide-and-baby-abandonment-in.html

Dili District Court adjourns trial involving infanticide because the judge was dismissed by Parliamentary and Government Resolutions
http://www.easttimorlawandjusticebulletin.com/2014/12/dili-district-court-adjourns-trial.html

Incestuous paedophile father sentenced to 9.5 yrs. jail
http://www.easttimorlawandjusticebulletin.com/2012/12/incestuous-pedophile-father-sentenced.html

Dili District Court hears infanticide, assault, theft, property damage and illegal importing cases in May 2014
http://www.easttimorlawandjusticebulletin.com/2014/08/dili-district-court-hears-infanticide.html

Julgamentu kazu abuzu seksual hasoru menor iha Tribunál Distritál Suai http://www.easttimorlawandjusticebulletin.com/2018/10/julgamentu-kazu-abuzu-seksual-hasoru.html

JSMP halo audiénsia ho Prezidente Tribunál Rekursu hodi aprezenta deskobrementu sira iha tribunál
https://www.facebook.com/notes/jsmp-timor-leste/jsmp-halo-audi%C3%A9nsia-ho-prezidente-tribun%C3%A1l-rekursu-hodi-aprezenta-deskobrementu-/1480454258764880/

Warren L. Wright

11 October 2018

Committee F of the National Parliament appreciates JSMP's findings obtained from monitoring at the National Parliament

JUDICIAL SYSTEM MONITORING PROGRAMME
 PROGRAMA MONITORIZASAUN BA SISTEMA JUDISIÁRIU Press Release 28 September 2018

National Parliament

Committee F of the National Parliament appreciates JSMP's findings obtained from monitoring at the National Parliament and will give consideration to certain issues that are related to the competence of the Committee

On 27 September 2018 the JSMP had a meeting with Committee F of the National Parliament which deals with Education, Health, Social Security and Gender Equality. The aim of this meeting was to present the results and findings of monitoring conducted by JSMP over 8 years at the National Parliament.

The issues raised by JSMP in this meeting included a National Legislation Program, issue of interpreting immunity for members of Parliament and members of Government and the need to draft guidelines for interpretation, the issue of punctuality and discipline of the members of parliament, the issue of unjustified absences, the issue of draft laws that should be available in Tetum and Portuguese, the issue of pending and expired laws such as the Law Against Corruption, Law on a Bar Association and Law on Child Protection, the issue of amending existing laws such as the Law on a Monthly Lifelong Pension to address the issue of “established rights”, the issue of the Penal Code criminalising incest and the Civil Code including religious faiths other than Catholicism. In addition, JSMP also mentioned adequate space or facilities for MPs at the National Parliament.

JSMP: Submission Progress and challenges relating to legislative developments in Timor-Leste Submitted to: The National Parliament 2018

ETLJB commends JSMP's Submission and its entire programme.

JUDICIAL SYSTEM MONITORING PROGRAMME PROGRAMA MONITORIZASAUN BA SISTEMA JUDISIÁRIU Submission Progress and challenges relating to legislative developments in Timor-Leste Submitted to: The National Parliament 2018
                                                                                       
Contents                                                                                                                                                                             
Introduction                                                                                                                                         

Findings                                                                                                                                                 

Shortcomings, gaps and challenges                                                                                                       

1. National Legislative Program                                                                 

2. Ambiguous interpretation on immunity and the need to develop guidelines for interpretation                             
3. Issue of punctuality and discipline                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
4. Absences without justification                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
5. Draft laws need to be available in the two official languages: Tetum – Portuguese                             
6. Prioritising pending laws                                                                                                                       

Sorumutuk Konsellu Ministrus nian iha loron 10 fulan-outubru tinan 2018

KOMUNIKAU IMPRENSA - Sorumutuk Konsellu Ministrus nian iha loron 10 fulan-outubru tinan 2018

Konsellu Ministru reuni iha Palásiu Governu, iha Díli, no analiza tiha aprezentasaun hosi Ministru Transporte no Komunikasaun, José Agustinho da Silva, kona-ba projetu ligasaun liuhosi transporte maritimu ba área tomak kosta norte Timor-Leste nian. Projetu ida-ne’e nuudar rezultadu hosi koperasaun entre Governu Timor no Governu Alemaña, ne’ebé hahú ona iha tinan 2004, hodi dezenvolve transporte maritima no infraestrutura maritimu sira.

Komponente prinsipál hosi projetu ne’e maka sei halo kontrusaun ba ró-ahi foun ba pasajeiru hodi halo ligasaun maritima ba kosta norte tomak. Projetu ne’e, ho apoiu hosi Governu Japaun, kontempla mós konstrusaun ba terminal foun ba pasajeiru iha Díli no halo reabilitasaun infraestrura ba terminal Oecusse no Ataúro.

Ministru Estadu Prezidénsia Konsellu Ministru, Agio Pereira, aprezenta tiha proposta, ne’ebé Governu aprova tiha, Dekretu-Lei kona-ba orgánika ba Prezidénsia Konsellu Ministru (PKM), nuudar departamentu sentrál Governu nian ne’ebé ho misaun hodi fó apoiu ba Konsellu Ministru no ba Primeiru Ministru, promove kordenasaun interministeriál hosi Governu, nomós prosedimentu lejizlativu ba Governu. Estrutura foun PKM nian mosu ho kriasaun Ministériu Reforma Lejizlativa no Asuntu Parlamentár hodi fó ba Ministériu refere kompeténsia balu be ulukba nuudar PKM nian. I

Ida fali maka tan haree ba esperiénsia be liu ona tinan sanulu ho estrutura uluk ne’ebé halo, iha situasaun balu, buka atu simplifika servisu sira tan ne’e, halakon tiha estrutura intermédia ne’ebé konsidera katak ladun importante. Iha sorin seluk, ho estrutura foun ne’e buka atu hakat dookliu, hodi presta servisu foun atu funsionamentu Governu bele di’ak no efikaz liu hodi fó benefísiu ba populasaun nomós hodi hadi’ak liután servisu PKM nian liuliu, bainhira presta servisu ba
ministériu seluk tanba PKM, tuir ninia natureza servisu nuudar ministériu instrumental ne’ebé presta servisu ba ministériu seluk.

Konsellu MInistru aprova tiha mós proposta Dekretu-Lei ne’ebé Ministru Reforma Lejizlativa no Asuntu Parlamentár, Fidelis Manuel Leite Magalhães, aprezenta kona-ba lei orgánika hosi Ministériu Reforma no Asuntus Parlamentares, nuudar entidade ne’ebé responsavel ba konsesaun, ezekusaun, kordenasaun no halo avaliasaun ba polítika, be define no aprova ona iha Konsellu Ministru, kona-ba dezenvolvimentu, armonizasaun no konsolidasaun ordenamentu jurídiku, reforma judisiária, asuntu parlamentar sira no komunikasaun sosiál.

Ministru transporte no komunikasaun, aprezenta tiha mós proposta Dekreteu-Lei kona-ba alterasaun dahuluk ba Dekretu-Lei ne’ebé aprova lei baze ba aviasaun sívil. Dekretu-Lei ne’ebé Konsellu Ministru aprova ne’e buka atu klasifikasaun ba aeroportu internasionál ne’e bele realiza liuhosi Rezolusaun Governu, tuir proposta hosi membru Governu responsável ba área transporte.
Konsellu Ministru aprova tiha mós Rezolusaun Governu kona-ba naran ‘’hinode-bashi’’, iha lian japonéz dehan lorosa’e, maka ponte komoro tolu ne’ebé maka kontrusaun ponte ne’e nuudar doasaun hosi Governu no povo Japaun.

Konsellu Ministru aprova tiha mós Rezolusaun Governu kona-ba donativu ba Repúblika Indonézia nuudar respota hodi fó apoiu ba destruisaun ne’ebé provoka hosi rai-nakdoko ho magnitude 7,5 skala ritser no tsunami ne’ebé akontese iha illa Sulawesi, iha loron-28 setenbru 2018. Nune’e, Governu aprova tiha montante 750 mil dollar amerikanu hodi apoia nuudar resposta hodi hatán ba nesesidade ne’ebé provoka tan estragus ne’ebé mosu hosi tsunami.

Membru Governu sira asina tiha Deklarasaun Maubisse faze daruak kona-ba medida lubuk ida ne’ebé buka atu asegura prinsípiu inkluzaun, toleránsia no igualdade jéneru. Medida hirak-ne’e, preveé ona iha Planu Dezenvolvimentu Estratéjiku nasionál no reflete iha Programa VIII Governu Konstitusionál nian, reprezenta asaun governativa ida transversal ba ezekutivu hotu hodi reforsa kapasidade no poder sosioekonómiku feto sira no ema ho defisiensia.

Ikusmai Konsellu Ministru aprova tiha Rezolusaun Governu kona-ba aprovasaun kontratu ba akizisaun interese partisipativu no direitu iha Kampu Greater Sunrise, partisipasaun Timor- Leste nian iha operasaun petrolifera no transferénsia interese partisipativu hirak-ne’e rasik no direitu sira afavór ba Timor Gap, EP ka ninia subsidiária hodi bele hetan no jere sasán hirak-ne’e lori Timor-Leste no en reprezentasaun Estadu Timor-Leste. REMATA

10 October 2018

JSMP: Grupu ho orientasaun seksuál “LGBT” hetan klareza ba sira-nia direitu ne’ebé mak ignoradu no violadu iha sosiedade nia leet iha tempu naruk

Image added by ETLJB
JUDICIAL SYSTEM MONITORING PROGRAMME PROGRAMA MONITORIZASAUN BA SISTEMA JUDISIÁRIU Komunikadu Imprensa 09 Outubru 2018

Grupu ho orientasaun seksuál “LGBT” hetan klareza ba sira-nia direitu ne’ebé mak ignoradu no violadu iha sosiedade nia leet iha tempu naruk

Iha 26 Setembru 2018, JSMP realiza treinamentu kona-ba demokrasia, kna’ar órgaun soberanu sira-nian, partisipasaun públika iha prosesu halo lei no asesu ba justisa formál ba grupu “Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) iha Postu Administrativu Manatuto Vila, Munisípiu Manatuto.

Treinamentu ne’e ho objetivu atu hasa’e koñesimentu grupu LGBT no komunidade sira kona-ba saida mak demokrasia, kna’ar órgaun soberanu sira idaidak nian, oinsa públiku nia partisipasaun iha prosesu halo lei no asesu ba justisa formál. Treinamentu ne’e mós ho espetativa ida katak partisipantes sira sei bele hatutan koñesimentu ne’ebé sira hetan ba membru LGBT sira ne’ebé la marka prezensa nomós ba sosiadade iha jerál.

“Governu Timor-Leste iha dever tuir konvensaun internasionál prinsipál sira direitu umanu ne’ebé ratifika ona, inklui Karta Nasoins Unidas atu proteje no promove direitu sidadaun sira hotu nian sein diskriminasaun, inklui partikularmente grupu vulneravel sira hanesan LGBT.  Ida-ne’e tanba ema hothotu moris mai iha direitu ho liberdade hanesan iha lei nia okos, hanesan prevee iha Artigu 1-3 Deklarasaun Universal Direitu Umanu no Artigu 16 Konstituisaun RDTL”, dehan Diretór Ezekutivu JSMP, Luis de Oliveira Sampaio.

Partisipante sira ne’ebé tuir treinamentu ne’e hamutuk ema na’in 30 ne’ebé kompostu husi mane ho karaterístiku feto na’in 19 no sexu feto ho karaterísku mane na’in 1. Aleinde grupu LGBT sira trenamentu ne’e mós inklui partisipante na’in 10 seluk husi estudante na’in 4, komunidade bai-bain mane na’in 3 no feto na’in 3.

Treinamentu ne’e fahe ba iha sesaun rua. Sesaun dahuluk diskuti asuntu relativa sira kona-ba demokrasia, knaar órgaun soberanu no partisipasaun públiku iha prosesu halo lei. Enkuantu, sesaun daruak diskuti kona-ba kestaun sira ba assesu ba justisa formál.

Iha sesaun abertura, Sr. Gaspar Herinque da Silva ne’ebé nu’udar Administradór Postu Manatuto Vila haktuir katak treinamentu ida-ne’e importante tebtebes ba komunidade. Nia rekoñese katak ba grupu sira ne’ebé mak konsidera hanesan grupu vulneravel no sira hetan diskriminasaun oi-oin iha sira-nia moris maibé laiha instituisaun ruma mak levanta sira-nia direitu ne’ebé violadu durante ne’e.

Administradór ne’e hatutan tan katak dezde uluk to'o agora sira-nia sub-distritu laiha lista ida ba grupu LGBT. Tanba ne'e, defisil atu organiza sira maske hatene katak grupu sira ne'e iha kapasidade iha aspetu balun. Tanba ne'e, nia agradese JSMP tanba ho programa ida-ne'e bele identifika ona ema sira ne'ebé mak tama iha grupu ne'e no sira sei uza lista ida-ne'e bainhira iha programa balun ne'ebé presiza sira-nia involvimentu ka kontribuisaun.

Iha administradór nia liafuan ikus, nia louva JSMP tanba inisia no dezenvolve programa sira ne’ebé mak bele lori benefísiu ba grupu LGBT sira-nia moris, tanba durante ne’e grupu sira hanesan ne’e laiha atensaun husi instituisaun relevante sira mezmu ita-nia Governu ratifika konvensaun ka tratadu internasionál sira maibé seidauk iha programa hodi bele asegura direitu sira ne’ebé mak hetan diskriminasaun.

Durante treinamentu, partisipante sira levanta kestaun sira relasiona ho sira-nia direitu ne’ebé mak durante ne’e sira enfrenta, tanba iha sosiedade liu-liu sira-nia familia despreza sira-nia prezensa tanba sira moris ho natureza sira hanesan ne’e.

Kestaun seluk mak relasiona ho akuzasaun no diskriminasaun ne’ebé mak sira hetan, ida-ne’e iha lei ruma hodi bele asegura sira-nia direitu ka lae? Se wainhira mak sira hetan ameasa, violénsia, violasaun seksuál sira bele halo levantamentu ba ne’ebé no oin sa mak bele prosesu?

Ba preokupasaun sira hosi partispante sira-nian ne’e, JSMP haktuir katak tuir Konstituisaun no lei relevante garante katak sidadaun hotu-hotu iha direitu no devér hanesan. Alende ne’e iha mós lei hodi bele proteze no asegura sira-nia direitu bainhira sira hetan ameasa, ka inklui violénsia seksuál ruma.

JSMP subliña katak importante mak tenke hatene krime ne’e nia natureza. Iha kazu ameasa no violénsia ne’e nia natureza krime semi públiku, nia prosedimentu legál depende ba keixa, tanba ne’e ema sira ne’ebé hetan krime hirak-ne’e sira tenke halo keixa ba autoridade kompetente. Enkuantu violénsia seksuál nia natureza nu’udar krime públiku, nia prosedimentu legál la depende ba keixa. Ne’e signifika se  ita-boot sira iha koñesementu katak ema ruma halo violénsia sexuál hasoru ita-boot bele hato’o denúnsia ba autoridade kompetente sira hanesan Polísia ka Ministériu Públiku.

Atividade ne’e hetan apoiu hosi Governu Austrália liuhosi Embaixada Austrália iha Timor-Leste

Atu hetan informasaun liutan favor kontaktu direitamente:

Luis de Oliveira Sampaio

Diretór Ezekutivu JSMP

Diresaun e-mail: luis@jsmp.tl

Telefone: 3323883  |  77295795
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