07 February 2019

Simple majority enough to override Timorese Presidential veto to Budget - Constitutionalist

WARNING MACHINE TRANSLATION ORIGINAL TEXT HERE The Portuguese Constitutionalist Pedro Bacelar de Vasconcelos defended today that the proposal of Budget vetoed by the President of the Timorese Republic requires only a simple majority of the deputies to be confirmed again by the parliament and, necessarily, promulgated by the President.

"It is not even ambiguous that the confirmation needs only a simple majority of the deputies in function effectiveness," he told Lusa the constitutionalist, who was a drafter of the Timorese constitution and who prepared an opinion to that effect for the Timorese Government. "

This position is reflected in a prepared opinion for the Government by Pedro Bacelar de Vasconcelos, draftsman of the Constitution of Timor-Leste, and by the lawyer Ricardo Cunha, who was advisor to then-President Taur Matan Ruak, the current first -minister.

Bacelar de Vasconcelos was the coordinator of the team, which included Ricardo Cunha, who prepared the 2011 edition of the Annotated Constitution of Timor-Leste, edited by the University of Minho Law School.

As he said, constitutional democracies "are made not to govern by unanimity, but according to the majority rule, the rule of listening to the will of the people, which is the will of the majority expressed in free elections."

In this context, the Government's program is voted on at the ballot box and then approved in parliament, where it does not even need to be put to a vote, but "lacks a simple majority" in the case of a vote.

"Governing is largely fulfilling and executing the government program, which was presented to voters, which guaranteed the election of the largest number of deputies and is that program that translates the substance of the government action," he explained.

"The OGE is not quite a law like the generality of laws, universal and abstract. It is an authorization for the Government to acquire the indispensable means to carry out the government's program, its policies to govern," he said.

Hence "it would not make sense that through a veto requiring a qualified majority, the president would have the vote of quality in approving the resources indispensable for the Government to carry out its program," he said.

Bacelar de Vasconcelos recalled that the Timorese constitution was approved by Fretilin - the party of the current President of the Republic and that is in the opposition in the parliament - "precisely to avoid that [then President and now leader of the coalition of the Government] Xanana Gusmão wanted later come to play in defining the policies of the Government ".

"Timor-Leste's PR does not govern or have the power to govern. The approval of the OGE is a parliamentary authorization to the Government to govern," he said.

At stake are several constitutional articles on the competencies in the debate and approval of the State Budget and on the circumstances in which it is necessary only a simple majority or required qualified majority to overcome the presidential veto.

Specifically, that defined in article 88 on "promulgation and veto" (within the powers of the President) that requires absolute majority to confirm a diploma vetoed by the head of state, who in these cases will have eight days to mandatory the diplomas.

"However, a two-thirds majority of the Members present shall be required, provided that they exceed the absolute majority of the deputies who are in office, for the confirmation of the diplomas that deal with matters covered by article 95," note.

Among the matters of article 95 - on the powers of the parliament - are "fiscal policy" and "budgetary regime".

Bacelar de Vasconcelos maintains that a two-thirds majority is necessary only for questions "which are not the current approval of expenses and of obtaining the resources that are made annually", as in this case the General State Budget.

The "budgetary regime" referred to in Article 95 of the Constitution is only, he explains, what is defined in Article 145 of the nation's basic law on the procedure and how the General State Budget itself is treated.

"It is the Government that prepares the process, not the President, then the National Parliament that discusses it and who approves it, and after it is approved, it goes to the President of the Republic for promulgation," he said.

"The President can apply the political veto, but the budget is typically parliamentary in nature," he explained.

Otherwise, requiring two-thirds to overcome the veto would have "this perverse effect which would mean that the President could counteract or impose on the majority of Government the policies he understands, albeit opposed to the policies that most follow."

The Constitutionalist also noted that it is "a political decision", the parliament decides to "accept or not the recommendations" of the President of the Republic on the General Budget of the State.

05 February 2019

Advertisement: Wright Law & Justice












wrightlawyer.com.au

Revizaun Jornál Nasionál semanál kona-ba setór justisa no polítika iha Parlamentu Nasionál, 28 – 1 Fevereiru 2019

Revizaun Jornál Nasionál semanál kona-ba setór justisa no polítika iha Parlamentu Nasionál, 28 – 1 Fevereiru 2019

 I.                   Setór Justisa

Ministru Justisa Manuel Carcéres : Prizoneiru nia Liberdade limitadu liu
Prezidente Tribunál Rekursu, Deolindo dos Santos :  Tribunál Rekursu sei halo promosaun ba juis
Eis Ministru Saúde Sergio Lobo rekoñese hetan notifikasaun hosi Ministériu Públiku
Prokurador Jerál Repúblika (PJR) José da Costa Ximenes: Kalbuadi Lay no Sergio Lobo lakohi kopera ho justisa Ministériu Públiku sei hasai mandadu kapturasau
Juis Internasionál Rua fó Asesória ba Juis Timoroan
Luis de Oliveria Sampaio, Diretór JSMP: husu Kalbuadi-Lobo kopera ho justisa


II.                Setór Politika – Parlamentu Nasionál

·      Prezidente Parlamentu Nasionál Arão Noé de Jesus da Costa Amaral: Reapresiasaun OJE 2019 pasa ho maiória absoluta

·      Jurista Timoroan, Padre Julio Crispin Belo : Konfirmasun votu OJE tenke deputadu 43

·      Deputada Carmelita Moniz lamenta karta notifikasaun Prokurador ba Prezidente CNRT

·      Bankada Parlamentár sira iha Parlamentu Nasionál komesa diálogu– Governo hahu diskute reapresiasaun

·      Prezidente Parlementu Nasionál (PPN), Arão Noé de Jesus da Costa Amaral: Kinta-feira semana oin Parlamentu Nasionál sei halo apresiasaun ba Orsamentu Jerál Estadu 2019

·      Bispo Dioseze Dili Dom Virgilio do Carmo da Silva : kontinua husu lider sira fó liman ba malu

       ==================================================================

I.                   Setór Justisa

Ministru Justisa Manuel Carcéres : Prizoneiru nia Liberdade limitadu liu


Ministériu Justisa halo abertura ba semináriu nasionál iha prizaun Bekora, hodi hato’o mensagen ba prizioneiru sira katak, nu'udar prizoneriu sira nia liberdade limitadu liu, la hanesan ho ema ne'ebé iha liur.


Tuir Ministru Justia Manuel Carcéres katak, estatutu prizioneiru sira nian maka muda uituan liuliu kona-ba sira nia liberdade, maibé sira nia direitu hanesan ema sei iha nafatin ho membru komunidade sira seluk.


“Hau atu hato’o de’it mensagen katak, estatutu sosiál ita boot sira nian maka muda uituan katak ita boot sira liberdade hamenus liu, maibé direitu hanesan ema nafatin belit ho ita boot sira no ema la bele muda fali ba objetu ka sasan seluk,”dehan Carcéres iha nia deskursu ba abertura semináriu nasionál iha prizaun Bekora (Jornál Independente, 30 Janeiru 2019).


Prezidente Tribunál Rekursu, Deolindo dos Santos:  Tribunál Rekursu sei halo promosaun ba juis sira

Prezidente Tribunal Rekursu (PTR), Dr. Deolindo dos Santos hateten, iha tempu badak, Tribunál Rekursu (TR) sei halo promosaun ba iha juis sira no movimentasaun judisiál.

“Asuntu importante ne’ebé maka hau ko’alia ho Prezidente Repúblika maka iha tempu badak sei halo promosaun ba iha juis sira no movimentus judisiál ne’ebé sei akontese iha mídia tinan ne’e nia-laran. Liuliu iha tribunál iha mudansa ona ba komisaun balun ne’ebé sei akontese iha juis balu, ita sei koloka iha Tribunál Distritál Baucau, Dili, Suai no Oekusi. Ida-ne’e sei akontese depoisde aprovasaun,” dehan Prezidente Tribunál Rekursu ba Jornálista sira.

Lider judisiáriu ne’e akresenta nia parte mós iha enkontru ne’e hato’o ba PR kona-ba servisu funsionamentu tribunál nian durante ne’e. Nia dehan maske iha situasaun politika hodi hasoru dezafiu oioin, maibé tribunál kontinua garantia ninia servisu ne’ebé diak iha parte judisiáriu (Jornál STL, 30 Janeiru 2019).


Prokurador Jerál Repúblika (PJR) José da Costa Ximenes : Kalbuadi Lay no Sergio Lobo lakohi kopera ho justisa Ministériu Públiku sei hasai mandadu kapturasaun


Ministériu Públiku (MP) halo notifikasaun hodi kaer Sekretáriu Jerál Partidu CNRT Francisco Kalbuadi Lay no eis Ministru Saúde (MS), Sergio Lobo, bainhira haruka karta ba sira maka lakohi atu koorpera ho justisa.


Prokurador Jerál Repúblika (PJR) José da Costa Ximenes, hateten, bainhira ema nain rua ne’e la ba tuir julgamentu dala rua hanesan testemuña entaun Ministériu Públiku (MP) tenke halo notifikasaun obrigatóriu tanba la kopera ho justisa.

“Hau lakohi fó resposta balun espetativa prosesual ne’e bele arguidu, bele vitima ne’e normalmente ita bolu atu komparese’’dehan nia, iha Palasiu Prezidensial Bairu Pite.  (Jornál Independente, 29 Janeiru 2019 )


Juis Internasionál nain rua fó asesória ba juis Timoroan
Juis Internasionál nain rua agora daudaun ne’e fó hela asesoria ba Juis Timoroan sira iha Tribunál Distritál Dili (TDD) hodi  buka maneira resolve problema ne’ebé iha.


Diretór Sentru Formasuan Jurídiku no Judisiáriu Timor-Leste, Antoninho Gonçalves hatete, Juis InterNasionál nain rua ne’e sira hetan kontrata no bele resolve problema ne’ebé tribunál enfrenta hanesan la iha asesór ruma.


Tuir nia, TDD rasik prepara ona orsamentu duadesimu ne’e prevee ona ba sira nia vensimentu no mós ba vensimentu juis sira nian, ne’ebé kona-ba julgamentu sira ne’e la iha razaun para falla, (Jornál Independente, 28 Janeiru 2019).

Luis de Oliveria Sampaio, Diretór JSMP: husu Kalbuadi-Lobo kopera ho justisa
Programa Monitorizasaun Sistema Judicial (JSMP), husu ba eis Ministru Turizmu Francisco Kalbuady Lay ho eis Ministru Saúde, Sergio Lobo atu kopera ho justisa hodi hakotu problema ne'ebé sira nain rua enfrenta.



Diretór Ezekutivu JSMP, Luis de Oliveira Sampaio hateten, dirijente nain rua ne'ebé dehan hetan notifikasaun husi tribunál ne’e sei iha dalan atu autoridade justisa sira uza hodi buka tuir.



Prosesu segredu justisa ne'e la'o bainhira investigasaun ka prosesu inkeritu ne'e sei lao hela, ne’e tenke taka ba públiku atu ema la bele asesu. Maibé prosesu atu tama ona ba julgamentu, tribunál tenke notifika autór sira, atu nune’e sira bele prepara ninia advogado sira atu bele hasoru prosesu justisa nian, (Jornál Independente, 28 Janeiru 2019).


II.                Setór Polítik – Parlamentu Nasionál

Prezidente Parlamentu Nasionál Arão Noé de Jesus da Costa Amaral: Reapresiasaun OJE 2019 pasa ho maioria absoluta

Parlamentu Nasionál la dada tempu hodi debate reapresiasaun Orsamentu Jerál Estadu (OJE) 2019 ne'ebé veta husi Prezidente Repúblika, Francisco Guterres Lu Olo.

Liuhosi sesaun plenária ne'ebé hala'o iha Kinta, 31 Janeiru 2019, maiória deputadu iha uma fukun Parlamentu Nasionál fó votus afavór ba reapresiasaun ba Orsamentu Jeral Estadu 2019 ho votus 40 afavór, kontra 25, no abstensaun zero.

Iha reapresiasaun ne'e mudansa ba montante OJE 2019 ne'ebé inisiu biliaun 2.132 milloens, redus ba biliaun 1,482 milloens dollar Amerikanu, tanba konsege hasai tiha US$650 milloens husi ininsiu montante OJE 2019. Parlamentu Nasionál sei lori fali reapresiasaun OJE ba Prezidente Repúblika atu promulga, (Jornál STL, 1 Fevereiru 2019).

Deputada Carmelita Moniz lamenta karta notifikasaun Prokurador ba Prezidente CNRT
Membru Konsellu Majistratura no atuál Deputada Bankada Partidu CNRT, Carmelita Moniz lamenta Prokuradora Repúblika, Lidia Soares, haruka karta notifikasaun ba Prezidente Partidu CNRT, Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão.

“Ha’u mós hakfodak sé Prokuradora  Repúblika ida haruka fali notifikasaun ba Prezidente Partidu ida, ne’e tuir ita nia Lei Kódigu Prosesu Penál la iha, tuir ita nia Konstituisaun Repúblika mós la iha.  Dalan ida ne’e laiha, ne’ebé ita hare katak Prokurador sira tenke hala’o sira ninia funsaun tuir loos de’it saida mak hakerek iha lei, ida-ne’e mak ita ezije”, dehan Carmelita Moniz iha Kuarta, 30-01/2019 semana ne’e, iha PN, (Jornál Nasionál Diario, 31 Janeriu 2019).



Jurista Timoroan, Padre Julio Crispin Belo: Konfirmasun votu OJE tenke deputadu 43


Parlamentu Nasionál atu halo votu konfirmasaun ne'e tenke bazeia ba konstituisaun artigu 88 númeru 3, tanba ne’e atu prienxe kuorum hodi halao aprovasaun ba  Orsamentu Jeral Estadu (OJE) tenke ho deputadu 43.


Jurista Timoroan, Padre Julio Crispin Belo hateten atu halo konfirmasaun votu hakerek ona iha artigu 88 númeru 2 bainhira Prezidente Republika veta diploma ruma la presija diskuti klean saida maka husu atu halo mudansa ba konteudu diploma ne’e.



Maibé konfirmasaun diploma OJE ne’e vale ona lei artigu 88 númeru 3, kuandu ba votasaun tenke ho total superior maioria  absoluta husi deputadu ne’ebé halao hela nia funsaun (Jornál Nasionál Diario,31 Janeriu 2019).

Prezidente Parlamentu Nasionál, Arao Noe de Jesus :  Iha posibilidade Parlamentu Nasionál sei halo konfirmasaun votu

Parlamentu Nasionál hatudu ona sinal balun liu hosi AMP katak iha posibilidade sei halo deit votu konfirmasaun ba Orsamentu Jeral Estadu (OJE) hodi haruka ba Prezidente Republika bele promulga.

Prezidente Parlementu Nasionál (PPN) Arão Noe de Jesus hateten prosesu atu halo reapresiasaun ka halo deit votu konfirmasuan ba Dekretu Lei OJE ne'ebe veta husi Xefe Estadu ne’e konforme vontade deputadu sira nian.


Bainhira deputadu sira halo proposta alterasaun ruma ne'e sei iha diskusaun depois maka deside maibé ne’e presiza halo fali Dekretu Lei OJE foun, karik laiha proposta alterasaun lei kontinua ho dekretu lei anterior ne’e (Jornál Independente, 28 Janeiru 2019).

Bankada Parlamentar sira iha Parlamentu Nasionál komesa diálogu– Governo hahu diskute reapresiasaun


Primeriu Ministru,  (PM ), Taur Matan Ruak, diskute ona ho Prezidente Parlamentu Nasionál (PPN ), Arão Noé de Jesus da Costa Amaral, kona-ba politika reapresiasaun Orsamentu Jerál Estadu tinan fiskál 2019, ne’ebé Prezidente Repúblika veta ona.


“Ami la ko’alia buat ruma, PM mai informa de’it kona-ba reapresiasaun ba OJE ne’ebé sei halo iha Kinta-feira (31/1) ida-ne’e, dehan Arão Noé de Jesus da Costa Amaral iha uma fukun PN.


Hafoin enkontru ho Xefe Governo PPN kontinua partisipa iha diálogu ne’ebé halo entre lider bankada sira. Maske nune’e, diálogu ne’ebé halo seidauk hatudu konsensus ruma entre partidu politiku sira iha uma fukun PN (Jornál Independente, 29 Janeiru 2019).


Prezidente Parlementu Nasionál (PPN), Arão Noe : Kinta-feira semana oin Parlamentu Nasionál sei halo apresiasaun ba Orsamentu Jerál Estadu 2019


Lider Bankada Partidu sira iha Parlamentu Nasionál (PN), deside ajenda reapresiasaun ba Orsamentu Jerál Estadu (OJE) 2019 sei hala’o iha loron Kinta semana oin.


“Lider bankada ami iha konsensus atu ajenda fila fali ba plenária atu halo reapresiasaun iha Kinta semana oin, tanba ne’e sei apresia foun Dekretu Nu. 4/V OJE 2019’’ dehan Prezidente Pralamentu Naionál ( PPN), Arão Noé de Jesus da Costa Amaral iha Parlamentu Nasionál.


Iha opsaun barak, balun hakarak atu dada uituan tempu atu iha konsentrasaun polítika, maibé iha opsaun balun katak labele fó tempu mamuk demais tanba, OJE ne’e maka raan ba estadu ne’e nian. (Jornál Independente, 28 Janeiru 2019).


Bispo Dioseze Dili Dom Virgilio do Carmo da Silva : kontinua husu lider sira fó liman ba malu

Bispo Dioseze Dili Dom Vrgilio do Carmo da Silva, SDB kontinua husu ba nai ulun sira atu fó liman ba malu hodi buka solusaun ba problema rai laran.


D. Virgilio husu ne’e relasiona ho Prezidente Repúblika (PR), Francisco Guterres Lú Olo veta polítika ba OJE 2019.


“Razaun PR veta OJE tanba haree ba sustentabilidade nasaun ida-nee nia hodi fó fila ba Parlamentu Nasionál (PN) atu haree. D. Virgilio hato’o lia hirak nee ba Jornálista sira, Kinta hafoin missa abertura anu eskolar tinan 2019 iha Igreja Kategral Dili (Jornál Independente, 28 Janeiru 2019).
Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...