04 January 2017

Difficult memories The independence struggle as cultural heritage in East Timor



By Michael Leach
This chapter examines the way difficult sites of imprisonment, trauma and resistance are being remembered in the newly independent nation of East Timor.

While the difficult challenge of memorialising massacre sites, places of political imprisonment, torture and human rights abuses confronts many post-conflict societies, few represent as profound a loss as Timor-Leste, having suffered an estimated minimum 102,000 casualties during the Indonesian occupation from 1975 to 1999, along with forced population displacements and extensive nonfatal
human rights violation through arbitrary detention, torture and rape (CAVR).
 
In Timor-Leste, these difficult legacies are complicated by the distinct cultural and linguistic affiliations promoted by successive colonial regimes, political schisms within the former independence movement, a lack justice for the victims of human rights abuses during the Indonesian occupation, and the recent rise of regional tensions. These fissures have complicated the process of nation-building, and the articulation of a unifying post-colonial national identity. As such, they are critical to understanding the cultural heritage of the independence struggle and its conservation in Timor-Leste, which is itself an exercise in articulating cultural nationalism.

See the full chapter at http://www.cultura.gov.tl/sites/default/files/MLeach_Difficult_memories_2008.pdf


24 December 2016

Government considers 2016 National Survey of Timor-Leste Public Opinion



Government considers 2016 National Survey of Timor-Leste Public Opinion

Minister of State and of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers and

Official Spokesperson for the Government of Timor-Leste

 Dili, December 23rd, 2016

Government considers 2016 National Survey of Timor-Leste Public Opinion

The Government has analyzed the results of nationwide a poll conducted in November by the International Republican Institute’s Centre for Insights in Survey Research. The National Survey of Timor-Leste Public Opinion, released this week, indicates that survey respondents are optimistic, committed to the democratic process and have a generally positive view about the Government.

According to the IRI the poll reflected a “general attitude of goodwill” towards the Government with a combined 74% of respondents saying that thought that the Government was doing a ‘very good’ [29%] or ‘good’ [45%] job. A high proportion recognized improvements in healthcare [79%], education  [78%] and Electricity [71%] over the last year and 31% felt that their family’s financial situation had improved over the same time frame with 56% saying it had stayed the same.

Responding to the question “Based on your prior knowledge, do you approve of how the government is spending the petroleum fund money?” 52% responded that they strongly approved, 16% that they somewhat approved, 17% that they somewhat disapprove and 8% that they strongly disapprove. The support amongst the sample group for the ZEESM Project in Oe-Cusse Ambeno was 91% and for the south coast Tasi Mane project 89%.

It was encouraging for the Government to note that 98% of the sample group said that it is very likely that they will vote in the upcoming Presidential and Parliamentary elections, indicating a strong commitment to participate in the democratic process.

Properly conducted opinion surveys can be a helpful tool providing insights into the perceptions of our citizens. This is the third IRI survey conducted in Timor-Leste and used a sample of 1,200 respondents aged 17 and older, representative of voting age adults nationally. Data was collected using in-person, in-home interviews in all of Timor-Leste’s 12 municipalities and the Special Zone of Oé-Cusse Ambeno.

Government Spokesperson, Minister of State Agio Pereira thanked the International Republican Institute for again conducting their independent survey in Timor-Leste and noted “the commitment to democracy and positive outlook reflected in this poll is encouraging as we work to address challenges and together build our nation.”ENDS

etljb

19 December 2016

Extraordinary meeting of the East Timor Council of Ministers of December 16th, 2016



Extraordinary meeting of the Council of Ministers of December 16th, 2016

Presidency of the Council of Ministers

Sixth Constitutional Government

Dili, December 16th, 2016

Press Release

Extraordinary meeting of the Council of Ministers of December 16th, 2016

The Council of Ministers met on Friday and approved the General Forestry Regime, presented by the Minister of State, Coordinator of Economic Affairs and Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries. Although between 2003 and 2010 Timor-Leste lost 17.5% of its forest area, in particular primary forest, 58% of the country is still covered by forest. Timor-Leste is located in a biodiversity area globally significant – known as Wallacea – and, to maintain it, a sustainable management of forests is particularly necessary. Despite Timor-Leste having a globally significant biodiversity, the National Plan to Fight Land Degradation identified deforestation as one of the causes of erosion and degradation of river basins.

Still in this same area, the Council of Ministers approved the draft resolution on the Agreement for the Establishment of AFOCO – Asian Forest Cooperation Organization. The aim is to strengthen regional cooperation in the forestry sector in order to cope with the impact of climate change. This agreement comes in the wake of the dialog on Forestry Cooperation between the ASEAN Member States’ Governments and the Republic of Korea, and the decision to invite Bhutan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Timor-Leste to participate in the dialog on the creation of the Asian Forest Cooperation Organization.

Following the approval at the meeting of the Council of Ministers on March 9th, 2016, the Regime for the Transition of the Staff of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation (MNEC) to the Diplomatic Career was presented, as is provided for in the Statute of the Diplomatic Career. This is a special regime, within the Public Administration, and includes a series of public officials from MNEC, designated as diplomatic staff. The diploma specifies the rules for entry, progression and promotion.

The Minister of Planning and Strategic Investment, as Chief Negotiator for maritime borders, presented the state of play on the position of Timor-Leste in this matter.

east timor law and justice bulletin etljb

17 December 2016

Council of Ministers meeting of 13 December 2016



Council of Ministers meeting on December 13th, 2016

Presidency of the Council of Ministers

Sixth Constitutional Government

Dili, December 13th, 2016

Council of Ministers meeting on December 13th, 2016

The Council of Ministers met on Tuesday at the Government Palace in Dili, and approved the first amendment to the Government Decree on the 2016 State General Budget Execution, proposed by the Ministry of Finance. This Decree changes the rules on budget execution in the category of Salaries and Wages covered by Government Decree no. 1/2016 of January 14th. With this amendment the time limit for the submission of the staff maps is extend for Services Without Administrative and Financial Autonomy (in Portuguese: SSAAF), Autonomous Services and Funds (in Portuguese: SFA) and Autonomous Bodies Without Own Income (in Portuguese: OASRP), in order to ensure the implementation of the budget in their categories and allow for continuity of payments and reliable information on how much the State spends.

To improve the quality of the interpretation of the elections legal framework and, therefore, improving the organization of the electoral process, the Council of Ministers approved the 5th Amendment to the Electoral Law for the President of the Republic and the 4th Amendment to the Electoral Law for the National Parliament, both presented by the Minister of State, Coordinator of Administration Affairs and Justice and Minister of State Administration. The amendments seek to harmonize with the laws for the election administration bodies and the administrative division of the territory, recently amended, and to enable the electoral participation of Timorese citizens residing outside the country. In addition, the harmonization of the provisions of the electoral law with the National Parliament's regime and the introduction of rules on violations of party discipline, with consequences that can include the loss of the office of deputy, seek to strengthen the authority of parliamentary seats.Despite an increase to 5% of the total number of voters registered in the electoral census having been proposed as a threshold, the Council of Ministers decided to maintain the current 3% of votes validly cast in order to assign to any party parliamentary mandates.

The Minister of State, Coordinator of Economic Affairs and Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries, presented the draft Law on Arbitration, Mediation and Conciliation, which allows for an alternative resolution of trade disputes. It was prepared based on the version of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) model law, adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1985; in addition to commercial arbitration, it also regulates the mediation and conciliation of trade conflicts. This Government initiative is intended to encourage private investment and the consequent diversification of the economy.

east timor law and justice bulletin

Timor-Leste granted observer status by the World Trade Organisation



Timor-Leste granted observer status by the World Trade Organisation

Minister of State and of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers and

Official Spokesperson for the Government of Timor-Leste

 Dili, December 16th, 2016

Timor-Leste granted observer status by the World Trade Organisation

On the 7th of December the General Council of the World Trade Organization agreed to establish a Working Party on the Accession of Timor-Leste and granted Timor-Leste observer status. This allows attendance at meetings of the General Council and “as appropriate, meetings of other WTO bodies as observers” during the process of accession.

Minister of State, Coordinating Minister of Economic Affairs, and Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries, H.E. Estanislau da Silva, thanked the General Council at the meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, saying that “WTO accession has been a major governance, institutional building, economic and foreign policy objective of the Government of Timor-Leste” and was a part of the Government’s program to accelerate growth and support economic diversification.

The Minister of State explained that enhancing access to markets and improving opportunities for trade is one part of the Government’s package of proactive policies “to attract and stimulate investment in the productive areas of the economy, such as agriculture, fisheries, tourism, light manufacturing and mining, besides downstream oil and gas; while improving economic infrastructure, and improving the business environment.”

The Government sees the accession to the WTO as a complementary process to Timor-Leste’s accession to ASEAN and as an important facilitator of economic participation in the region. The ASEAN statement to the General Council in Geneva said "ASEAN welcomes the application of Timor-Leste to accede to the WTO.  ASEAN notes Timor-Leste’s commitment to the WTO accession process, and its efforts to undertake social and economic reforms to this end.  ASEAN urges all members to support Timor-Leste in its accession process and its integration into a multilateral trading system."

Spokesperson, Minister of State Agio Pereira noted “the Government welcomes the decision of the General Council of the WTO and looks forward to engaging in accession negotiations in order to proceed to full membership”. ENDS

Constitution of the East Timorese Justice Civil Society Organisation, Fundasaun Mahein



CONSTITUTION
FUNDASAUN MAHEIN
GENERAL PREAMBLE
https://fundasaunmahein.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/consfmeng30june2009.pdf

Fundasuan Mahein was established in June 2009 to fill a gap in the ranks of Timorese
civil society by providing for fulltime monitoring and reporting on issues relating to the
developing Timorese security in a manner which can increase citizen participation in the
process. It is the mission of Fundasuan Mahein to strengthen and develop the security
sector so that it can grant safety and thus prosperity to all Timorese citizens.
Additionally, it is will be Fundasaun Mahein’s objective to increase the participation of
the media, other NGOs, and wider civil society to substantively engage in public policy
issues relating to the security sector in a more informed, impartial and constructive
manner.

1. GENERAL PRINCIPLES
Fundasuan Mahein’s acronym is FM and the short version of the name will from herein
be FM. FM is a Non-Governmental Organisation that is a non-profit, which intends to
partner with other NGOs that work on 1) human rights, 2) vulnerable persons and 3)
issues in rural Timor-Leste, in so far as it relates to safety and security of citizens and
those security and defense issues along with the institutions as mandated by the RDTL
constitution to provide safety and security.

13 December 2016

Government of East Timor pays respects to Dr. George Junus Aditjondro



Minister of State and of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers and

Official Spokesperson for the Government of Timor-Leste
 Dili, December 12th, 2016

Government pays respects to Dr. George Junus Aditjondro

It was with deep regret that the Government of Timor-Leste received news of the passing of Dr. George Junus Aditjondro on the 10th of December 2016. The Government conveys its condolences to Dr. Aditjondro’s family and friends.

As an Indonesian academic, activist, researcher and journalist, Dr. Aditjondro courageously exposed conditions in Timor-Leste during the years of struggle and remained a committed advocate for proper development after the restoration of independence in 2002.

Aditjondro visited Timor in May of 1974 as a correspondent of Indonesia’s Tempo magazine and in the following years interviewed various Timorese leaders of all political persuasions both inside and outside of Indonesia. Following the Santa Cruz massacre in 1991 he became a leading figure opposing the Indonesian occupation and was critical in exposing media reporting on Timor and the positions of Indonesian intellectuals, who he believed had allowed themselves to become influenced by censorship and media manipulation. Such criticism put Dr. Aditjondro at considerable risk.

In 1993 Dr. Aditjondro participated in the Fifth Symposium on East Timor held in Portugal at the University of Porto, working closely with Timorese activists, several of who are currently Ministers of the Sixth Constitutional Government. He also spent many years in Australia, in self-imposed exile, where he was a supportive colleague in the activist movement pressing for the self-determination of Timor-Leste.

On the 20th of May 2010, the National Parliament of Timor-Leste recognized the contribution of Dr. Aditjondro with the conferral of the Princess Grace of Monaco medal.

Besides his passion for Timor-Leste, Dr. Aditjondro was an unrelenting critic of corruption in Indonesia, a dedicated advocate for empowering local agricultural communities and a key figure in nurturing environmental awareness.

Government Spokesperson, Minister of State Agio Pereira noted that “the voice of Dr. George Aditjondro was crucial in challenging the thinking of many in Indonesia and Australia about the events occurring in Timor-Leste between 1975 and 1999. Through his commitment to exposing injustice, he undoubtedly played a part in moving us towards the restoration of our independence. His voice of advocacy, warm friendship towards the Timorese people and unremitting support in the struggle will not be forgotten".ENDS

etljb
Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...