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29 November 2008

East Timor IDP Relocation and Resettlement Udpate November 2008

OCHA/UNMIT Integrated Humanitarian Coordination Team Humanitarian Update 8 - 21 November 2008

CAMP DECOMMISSIONING
• The EWASH-WG group has presented a letter to the Ministry of Infrastructure, attached to a list of prioritised camps (from where IDPs have left,) requesting equipment from the Ministry of Infrastructure to flatten the sites. Negotiations with the Ministry of Infrastructure are continuing in order to bring the cost of their service to NGOs down to only the cost of fuel. DNSAS was approached to investigate the idea of borrowing their equipment to level public sites.

• The EWASH-WG continues to decommission IDP camps as IDPs are facilitated to return by the Ministry of Social Solidarity (MSS). Decommissioning activities have been ongoing in the following camps:

- Airport: This camp is on the Ministry of Infrastructure’s list to backfill septic tanks and to level the ground. Out of 16 septic tanks in Airport, Mukun Timor Diak (MTD) managed to empty only two tanks. Other tanks could not be emptied because the contents became hard. It was suggested to backfill all of the septic tanks.

- Balide Igreja: Oxfam is continuing the rehabilitation of the site with its own team in the absence of agreement with the Ministry of Infrastructure.

- Obrigado Barracks: This camp’s levelling is awaiting negotiations with the Ministry of Infrastructure. The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is initiating general cleaning in the camp through the Dili District rubbish collection team.

- Metinaro: Plan conducted repair and maintenance training with 42 WatSan committee
members and distributed repair and maintenance tools to six WatSan committees. They also cleaned out ten water tanks, maintained nine dig wells and tube wells, and conducted maintenance and repair work on three tube wells.

- Motael: Plan made a number of visits to pump out stagnant water.

- Hera: Oxfam is continuing to organise the rehabilitation of this site.

With the return of IDPs from Central Pharmacy, SD Farol, Yayasan Hak, Belun, Fokupers, Radio Loriku, and Igreja Hosana IDP camps, more than 10,400 IDP families will have received a recovery or reintegration package under the Hamutuk Hari’i Futuru National Recovery Strategy; 40 IDP camps have now closed according to MSS.

Maps reflecting the movements during the reporting period are attached at the end of this Update. A breakdown of information from MSS relating to the latest IDP movements is as follows:

• The return and reintegration of IDPs who wished to return home from SD Farol, Yayasan Hak, Belun, Fokupers, and Radio Loriku IDP camps commenced on 13 November, with a total of 200 families assisted.

• Movement out of Central Pharmacy (SAMES) IDP camp occurred on 19 November. A total of 57 families were assisted. The camp is now closed.

• Movement out of Igreja Hosana IDP camp will commence on 25 November. A total of 100
families are being assisted.

• Movement out of Igreja Becora is expected to commence on 27 November.

• The verification process is complete for the Baucau IDP camps. The verification process is ongoing for Cathedral, Igreja Motael, Lecidere and Metinaro camps.

• Additional Agency specific information relating to camp movements is as follows: During the reporting period, IOM assisted MSS with the movement out of Escola Primaria, Yayasan Hak, Radio Loriko, Central Pharmacy (Sames) and Belun IDP camps. IOM is liaising with Central Pharmacy (Sames) authorities to ensure that the two remaining families who would like to be transported to the districts are able to stay in the camp while MSS finalises their verification.

Plan Water, Environment and Sanitation (WES) team facilitated IDP movement from the Farol IDP camps.

IDP MOVEMENT TO THE DISTRICTS

IOM assisted MSS with the movement of IDPs from Escola Primaria (Farol) camp, Belun camp, Canossa Balide camp and EDTL Comoro camp to the following districts: Baucau, Los Palos, Ermera, Ainaro and Maliana. Further movements to the districts (Suai and Viqueque) from these camps are scheduled to take place but are pending verification.

PREPARATIONS FOR RETURN

To ensure a smooth preparation for return, the IOM Return & Reintegration Team (the Team) has analysed the return intentions assessment data and linked it with information gathered by the MSS dialogue team for Metinaro sub-district. The result of the data assessment shows that 56 families reported to have their houses occupied and that some IDPs decided to have Go and See Visits.

The IOM Return and Reintegration team held a first meeting with the MSS Dialogue Team, CRS and Care International to discuss plans, strategies and the follow-up activities as needed, in response to the data. The Team has started procedures to safely prepare the Go and See Visit by informing the Chefe de Aldeias and confirming the concerns of the IDPs. IOM will continue organising the facilitation of this week’s Go and See Visits with the MSS Dialogue Team and other agencies. The Team has distributed the lists of the assessments made and houses occupied to the MSS Dialogue Team and other agencies including CRS, Care International and Belun. The Team will be working with MSS and the agencies to continue with the approach listed by the Chefe de Aldeias for the families concerned prior to return and will also facilitate the mediation process for the families with occupied houses.

TRANSITIONAL SHELTER UPDATE

Karantina should not be considered as an available site, due to serious problems with water shortages, despite continuous water trucking by Triangle GH. Social jealousy and now a new market next to the site imply serious challenges. From an operational perspective, the following sites are available: Becora I and II (19 rooms) and Tasi Tolu (75 rooms).

The table below shows the current occupancy rate for transitional shelters in Dili as of 24 November

Additional information about the Transitional Shelter sites is outlined below:

• Tasi Tolu: People are constructing houses on the southern hills of Tasi Tolu, with no access to water. They are destroying the fence of Tasi Tolu to gain access to water from the site. There is possibility of tension if the number of houses increases in the near future. There is currently no security guard at this site.

• Karantina: The market has been moved from the previous location to the area between the police station and the transitional site. There are tensions due to lack of space in the area; MSS negotiated with the Chefe de Suco regarding a border for the market. NRC will build a temporary fence between the market and the transitional site. The lack of water for this site is still a concern. However, Triangle GH continues to provide sufficient water for the current number of residents. There have been no repairs to the DNAS line.

• Becora UNITAL, I and II: Triangle GH has conducted a WatSan training for the newly established WatSan committee. Ten women participated in a four day training on family planning by Marie Stopes International.

• Becora Market: There have been a number of small internal incidents between families but is reconciliation ongoing. Family planning trainings are planned.

• Hera: The site is awaiting MSS intervention to determine the status of the buildings at this site that are claimed by IDPs as previous residence.

POST RETURN MONITORING

IOM and partners have discussed and finalised the follow-up form to be used for subsequent rounds of monitoring in their return monitoring project. The third round of monitoring will begin on 24 November. The second round monitoring forms continued to be entered in the database (over 700 interviews were conducted). IOM estimates this process will be finished in one week, after which the Project will analyse and produce the second report for the October round of data collection. Individual cases of concern picked up by the monitoring teams continue to be referred to HHK partners capable of appropriate response.

IOM is also in the process of developing a focus group methodology for the third round of monitoring, which will be implemented in a targeted number of Sucos/Aldeias so as to provide more in-depth information on the return and reintegration process.

HAMUTUK HARI’I FUTURU

• Strengthening Institutional Structures and Mechanisms for Dialogue Project

The six MSS/UNDP dialogue teams currently working across Dili have been supporting the return and reintegration of IDPs relocating from camps including SD Farol, Belun, Yayasan Hak, Fokupers, SAMES, and Igreja Hosana. The pre-movement activities are underway in Igreja Becora and Lecidere camps and the Dili teams are currently working in their respective sub-districts to prepare the way for the return of the many IDPs to be relocated from Metinaro camp.

On 21 November the Baucau Dialogue Team attended a meeting at the Baucau Sub-District Administrator’s Office to discuss priorities for dialogue of representatives of ten Sucos in Baucau Sub- District. In the week commencing 24 November, the Baucau Dialogue Team will conduct preparatory visits to Viqueque: Uatulari, Uatucarabau and Vila to assess dialogue needs there.

In total the teams have now facilitated over 200 mediations between families wishing to return and families either opposed to their return or occupying their former homes.

During the first and second week of December, the MSS/ UNDP dialogue teams will be conducting community dialogues in Lissapat (Ermera), Bairo-pite, Cristo Rei, Mascarinhas, and Metinaro.

• Preparations to assist the return of the families living in Becora Church camp are ongoing. Four families have been identified as having concerns about their return (three cases in Cristo Rei and one in Dom Aleixo). This week the IOM Return and Reintegration team with the MSS Dialogue Team has begun to address these cases.

The IOM team has been assisting the IOM SLS and the MSS Dialogue Teams with the Farol camps closure (Belun, Escola Primaria, Fokupers, Yayasan Hak no Radio Loriko). Some cases are still pending. Some concerns were raised with regard to the return of some families to the area of Kampung Alor. The families have returned and a dialogue is being prepared. In the meantime the Team has been closely monitoring the families.

The Team has been accompanying the closure of the Central Pharmacy IDP camp and specifically assisted the two families who had reported having their houses occupied. The MSS Dialogue team organised a meeting to discuss the unresolved problems of Aldeia Fatuc Fransisco and Terminal. The objective of the meeting was to create a new method to respond. The next meeting is expected to have a broader representation from lower lever local authorities, related institutions (for example, Land & Property) and the Sub-district administrator in order for the Government to respond to the rights of communities. The Return & Reintegration IOM Team actively participated in the meeting withinputs and opinions on how to respond to these problems.

• NRC has finished the works of office improvements for five of the MSS / UNDP Dialogue Offices in Dili, Metinaro and Gleno.

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